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Narrowing the Gap between Local and International Peacebuilding Efforts in South Sudan

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This briefing  critically reflects on the ongoing peacebuilding efforts in South Sudan and suggests to adequately considering the complexity of the conflict dynamics and to taking local peace building actors into account. Download  

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South Sudan’s Renewable Energy Potential: A Building Block for Peace

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This report argues that a systemwide donor-driven transition to renewable energy—and specifically solar power—to support humanitarian programming is a viable way forward both now and over the longer term. Although such a transition alone will not end the conflict, it offers donors a more strategic alternative to the current practice. In the near term, a…

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Seeds of peace? Land reform and civil war recurrence following negotiated settlements

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Land reform has been depicted by some as an effective element of counterinsurgency strategy in nations experiencing peasant-based civil conflict. While some studies have argued that land reform reduces civilian support for insurgency, other research has demonstrated that these reforms are often undermined by brutal state repression. The study of land reform has also been…

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Position Paper on a Peaceful Resolution to the Conflicts in South Sudan: The War must stop!

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This position paper seeks to provide a roadmap to help South Sudan political leaders and citizens engage in dialogue at multiple levels, while urging the regional and international communities to put pressure on the conflicting parties to end this senseless war. The principle approach, as set out in Rwanda in 2015, is the South Sudan…

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New Histories of New Nations: South Sudan and Sudanese history

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This article reviews five recently published books on the history of South Sudan and the Sudan. Nicki Kindersley identifies common aims of the books including: to bind the Sudans into their geographical and intellectual context; to illuminate histories previously hidden by a common but limited research focus on Sudans’ states and wars; and to reexamine…

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Monitoring the scenarios for South Sudan in 2020: Peace the only thing worth pursuing

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The report “Monitoring the Scenarios for South Sudan in 2020: Peace the only thing worth pursuing” updates developments in South Sudan based on a 2016 analysis of five possible scenarios for the country. Written by a group of concerned citizens in South Sudan the report warns that the situation in the country is likely to…

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Japan’s international peace operations in South Sudan

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After the independence of South Sudan from Sudan on 9 July 2011, the Japanese government decided to dispatch its Self-Defence Forces (SDF) to South Sudan under the auspices of the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS). Despite the post-conflict military clashes in South Sudan, the Japanese government did not withdraw the…

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The Revitalization of the ARCSS and the Prospects for Peace in South Sudan

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This policy paper evaluates the prospects of peace in South Sudan within the context of the recently proposed revitalization process of the 2015 political pact. The paper broadly argues that the revitalization process is important, but it must contend with factors that led to the collapse of the original agreement. Highlighting this, the brief discusses…

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South Sudan and the Four Dimensions of Power-Sharing: Political, Territorial, Military, and Economic

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Caroline Hartzell and Matthew Hoddie’s theoretical model of power-sharing’s four dimensions—political, territorial, military, and economic—is used here to analyze successive peace processes in South Sudan. This multifaceted power-sharing strategy was utilized within both the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), designed to resolve Sudan’s intractable North- South conflict, as well as the 2015 Agreement on the…

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Sustaining Relative Peace: Report on cross-border peacebuilding in South Sudan, Uganda, Kenya

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In June 2016, PAX and partners came together in Naivasha, Kenya, to reflect on ten years of cross-border peace work in the borderlands of South Sudan, Uganda and Kenya, one of PAX’s longest-standing peacebuilding programmes. Over the course of three days, we discussed a broad array of subjects, from the most relevant shifts in context…

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Contextualised conflict sensitivity guidance for South Sudan

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Humanitarian or development assistance delivered in complex, highly contested and conflict-affected contexts such as South Sudan will inevitably impact on conflict dynamics. These may be positive or negative, direct or indirect, intentional or unintended. Conflict sensitivity is an approach that helps humanitarian and development actors maximise the potential positive, and minimise any potential negative impacts…

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Civil Society Options Paper on the IGAD High-Level Revitalisation Forum

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As a contribution to IGAD’s efforts to revitalize the peace process in South Sudan, 19 civil society organisations have developed the attached paper (also available online at outlining the conclusions and recommendations that have emerged from many months of engagement on the topic. The paper outlines the main conditions for the success of the revitalization…

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Linking community-based animal health services with natural resource conflict mitigation in the Abyei Administrative Area

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The Abyei Administrative Area (AAA) is a contested zone located on the central border between South Sudan and Sudan. Its status has remained unresolved since South Sudan seceded from Sudan in 2011, and the governments failed to agree on the border division. The AAA represents a grazing hub in which both the Dinka Ngok (affiliated…

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Including or excluding civil society? The role of the mediation mandate for South Sudan (2013–2015) and Zimbabwe (2008–2009)

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This article examines the role of political mandates in including or excluding civil society in the negotiation processes mediated by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in South Sudan and by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in Zimbabwe. It argues that the mandates determined the issue of inclusivity by synthesizing the mediating organizations’ normative…

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‘If You are Safe, I am Safe’: Conflict Analysis

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The ‘If You are Safe, I am Safe’ strategy for South Sudan proposes to turn the desire for safety from a competitive conflict-causing endeavour to a co-operative peace-building endeavour.  Aimed initially at promoting peace between communities, it envisages an active role for both local administration and central government.  To do so there must be an…

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Hurdles to peace: a level-of-analysis approach to resolving Sudan’s civil wars

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Why do some peace agreements end armed conflicts whereas others do not? Previous studies have primarily focused on the relation between warring parties and the provisions included in peace agreements. Prominent mediators, however, have emphasised the importance of stakeholders at various levels for the outcome of peace agreements. To match the experience of these negotiators…

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South Sudan’s 2015 Peace Agreement and Women’s Participation

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This paper examines the extent to which women’s issues are addressed in the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan. It contends that while women’s issues are provided for in some parts of the agreement, opportunities for the inclusion of women were limited by the structure of the…

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Now We Are Zero: South Sudanese chiefs and elders discuss their roles in peace and conflict

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In April 2016, seventeen chiefs from different parts of South Sudan gathered in Kuron Holy Trinity Peace Village, in Eastern Equatoria, to discuss the role of customary authority in governance—past and present—and their own contribution to peacemaking and a future political transition. The Chiefs’ meeting at Kuron was the first time that traditional leaders from…

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Democratise or disintegrate: How the AU can help South Sudan

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The implementation of South Sudan’s latest peace agreement appears to be at a standstill. Insecurity, food shortages and the breakdown in governance have forced more than 1.5 million people to flee the country. President Salva Kiir’s announcement of a forthcoming national dialogue offers some hope. Yet people are divided on the legitimacy of the process:…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN