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Report of the Peace Accords Matrix Project on the Implementation of the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS)

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The Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) is home to the largest existing collection of implementation data on intrastate peace agreements. Working at the nexus between research and practice, PAM is comprised of researchers and practitioners seeking to promote and facilitate a higher order of integration between these domains. PAM team members regularly provide research support to…

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He who pays the piper, calls the tune? Non-African involvement in Sudan’s African-led mediation processes

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In spite of a strong preference for African solutions to African conflicts within the African system of states, non-African third parties are frequently involved in mediation in Africa, most frequently in cooperation with African third parties. Yet, the factors that explain the outcomes of non-African involvement remain largely understudied. This article addresses this gap in…

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“What I Believe Can Rescue That Nation”: Diaspora Working to Transform Educationin Fragility and Conflict

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This study examines diaspora’s engagement in education development work in their fragile and conflict-affected countries of origin. Through analysis of 28 in-depth interviewswith diaspora from four countries, we discuss diasporas’motivations to engage, activities ofengagement, and factors that enable or constrain it. Our research highlights that diasporas’education development work seeks to transform conflict dynamics by attending…

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Sudan and South Sudan: violence trajectories after peace agreements

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Peace agreements can be turning points in complex transitions from war to peace. But they don’t necessarily lead to greater stability, let alone peace. This report explores trajectories of violence in Sudan and South Sudan after the signature of peace agreements. It traces violence trajectories and explores whether these peace agreements resolved, reshaped or perpetuated…

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Salvaging South Sudan’s Fragile Peace Deal

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Five years into South Sudan’s civil war, the main belligerents have once again agreed to stop fighting and form a unity government. But the set of agreements, finalised on 12 September 2018, two years after the last accord collapsed, does not end the country’s deep crisis. It neither resolves the power struggle between President Salva…

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Safeguards to Peace: Steps Toward Governance in South Sudan

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Hundreds of thousands killed, injured, and raped. Millions more displaced. After five years of violence in South Sudan, the peace agreement signed in September 2018 is a hopeful attempt to end the corruption-fueled war. But this is an uncertain time in South Sudan. The overall commitment to the peace agreement is low and implementation of…

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Trade, peace-building and hybrid governance in the Sudan-South Sudan borderlands

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Trade and markets in weak states are often discussed in relation with violence, security and peace-building. A case in point are marketplaces in the Sudan-South Sudan borderlands where communities separated by insecurity and hostility meet, not only to trade but also to negotiate and exchange information. This does not imply that establishment of such markets…

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Broadening ‘business’, widening ‘peace’: a new research agenda on business and peace-building

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What role does business play in peace-building and conflict reduction? This is the introduction (article) to a special issue that tackles this complex question, exploring varied business efforts to bring peace through six rigorous qualitative cases in Myanmar, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Somaliland, Brazil, Guatemala and El Salvador. Three main findings cut across…

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South Sudan and the Collective Pain of Watching a Peace Agreement Struggle for its Life

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For the past several weeks, there have been rising voices of both optimism and frustration, as reports of progress in the implementation of the so-called Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) continued to highlight violations, fresh military attacks, delays in executing ceasefire and security mechanisms and irregularities in the use…

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How to Make Peace Work in South Sudan: Criteria for More Effective Collective Conflict Management in South Sudan

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The following criteria for more effectively resolving the conflict in South Sudan were de-veloped by the South Sudan Reflection Group, facilitated by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung South Sudan Office. The Reflection Group was comprised of experts and senior civil-society representatives from South Sudan and other African countries who have long engaged in and with South Sudan. The…

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THE FUTURE OF PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS SITES: Protecting displaced people after South Sudan’s peace deal

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This memo addresses the future of the nearly 200,000 residents of the Protection of Civilians Sites (POCS) in South Sudan in the context of the implementation of the current peace agreement which envisages the closure of the POCS and the return of the residents to their former homes. The authors draw attention to the changing…

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South Sudan’s Civil War: Violence, Insurgency and Failed Peacemaking

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A mere two years after achieving independence, South Sudan in 2013 descended into violent civil war, refuting US government claims that the country’s succession was a major foreign policy success and would end endemic conflict. Worse was to follow when the international community declared famine in 2017. In the first book-length study of the South…

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Compound fractures: Political formations, armed groups and regional mediation in South Sudan

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In September 2018 the warring parties in South Sudan signed the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). The R-ARCSS will be implemented in a daunting environment – over the course of the five-year conflict, political and security arenas have grown increasingly fractured. For the agreement to…

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Nobody came to ask us: South Sudanese refugee perceptions of the peace process

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Refugees are one of the most affected yet least consulted groups when it comes to issues of peace and conflict in South Sudan. This report attempts to address that gap by presenting findings of refugee interviews in Ethiopia and Uganda. Understanding and incorporating their views into the peace processes is crucial to ensuring that the…

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Fixing Governance is Key to Stability in South Sudan

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Many analysts and observers of politics in South Sudan point to weak governance as the malefactor for the political crises and lack of progress on socioeconomic development in the country. This policy brief, therefore, identifies major governance challenges in South Sudan and assesses whether the recently signed R-ARCSS addresses them. Among key governance challenges is…

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Revitalizing Peace in South Sudan: Citizen Perceptions of the Peace Process

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From October to November 2018, the South Sudan Civil Society Forum (SSCSF), a coalition of more than two hundred South Sudanese civic organizations, surveyed 1,147 people in five locations in South Sudan and a refugee camp in Uganda to better understand their views on the peace process and the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of…

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Resisting Violence: Growing a Culture of Nonviolent Action in South Sudan

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Since the outbreak of civil war in December 2013, South Sudan has endured one of the worst humanitarian crises in modern times. Still, amid the constant threat of war-related violence and economic hardship, South Sudanese activists are managing to launch and sustain nonviolent movements to address the social, political, and economic grievances that have fueled…

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Pathways to Achieving Food Security, Sustainable Peace and Gender Equality: Evidence from Three FAO Interventions

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Despite increasing recognition among international organizations that livelihood security, sustainable peace, conflict prevention and gender equality are complementary goals that require integrated policy approaches, there is to date limited evidence about the links between these key development pillars. This article provides an analysis of the links between food security, sustainable peace and gender equality, by…

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“We Do Not Honour Agreements:” Dialogue and Peace Agreements in South Sudan

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In September 2018, South Sudanese political and armed actors signed a new peace agreement after months of negotiations between parties to the defunct 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (ARCSS) and other groups that had since been created. While hailed by some as a significant step forward,…

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Women’s informal peace efforts: Grassroots activism in South Sudan

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South Sudanese women have been grossly under-represented in formal peace negotiations. However, they have been active in informal peacebuilding at the local level where peace means rebuilding society. Such informal peacebuilding is radically different to formal peace negotiations where male warlords and political leaders in new positions of power divide the spoils of war. This…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN