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Findings around conflict sensitivity and food aid in Northern Bahr el-Ghazal

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This briefing paper sheds light on some aspects of the conflict sensitivity of food aid in former Northern Bahr el Ghazal (NBeG). In contrast to other states, NBeG has been spared by large scale armed violence, but it is affected by a severe food security crisis that has forced tens of thousands of people to…

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Sudan and South Sudan: A Testing Ground for Beijing’s Peace and Security Engagement

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This chapter takes the case studies of Sudan and South Sudan where China has played a significant if sometimes controversial role. Investigating the shifting policy positions and response to crisis engendered by Chinese multilateral engagement and its commercial interests in the region, the constraints and obstacles to constructive involvement are highlighted through this study. Link…

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South Sudan’s Civil War Will Not End with a Peace Deal

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In early 2017, the government of South Sudan declared that parts of the country had been hit by severe famine. This famine was another sign of the many ways in which a disastrous war was killing people. South Sudan had at that point been in a civil war for three years, with the humanitarian situation…

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The humanitarian protectorate of South Sudan? Understanding insecurity for humanitarians in a political economy of aid

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This paper aims to contribute to debates about humanitarian governance and insecurity in post-conflict situations. It takes the case of South Sudan to explore the relations between humanitarian agencies, the international community, and local authorities, and the ways international and local forms of power become interrelated and contested, and to what effect. The paper is…

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Gender Norms, Conflict, and Aid – briefing note

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This briefing note explores the interaction between gender norms of masculinities and femininities, and capacities for peace and conflict in areas that are receiving assistance. The aim of the research on which this publication is based on is to better understand how gender norms, including violent notions of masculinity and gender inequality in Greater Lakes…

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Linking community-based animal health services with natural resource conflict mitigation in the Abyei Administrative Area

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The Abyei Administrative Area (AAA) is a contested zone located on the central border between South Sudan and Sudan. Its status has remained unresolved since South Sudan seceded from Sudan in 2011, and the governments failed to agree on the border division. The AAA represents a grazing hub in which both the Dinka Ngok (affiliated…

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Including or excluding civil society? The role of the mediation mandate for South Sudan (2013–2015) and Zimbabwe (2008–2009)

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This article examines the role of political mandates in including or excluding civil society in the negotiation processes mediated by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in South Sudan and by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) in Zimbabwe. It argues that the mandates determined the issue of inclusivity by synthesizing the mediating organizations’ normative…

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China’s Foreign Policy Experiment in South Sudan

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China’s longstanding principle of non-interference in other states’ internal affairs is evolving with its growing global footprint. As Chinese overseas investment and business links grow in scope and depth, Beijing faces increasing threats to its citizens, economic interests and international reputation. That, in turn, has confronted China with the inherent limitations of its traditional hands-off…

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Fettered Self-determination: South Sudan’s Narrowed Path to Secession

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The interpretation of self-determination as a vote for secession shaped the state that South Sudan has become since the 2011 referendum. Self-determination, this paper argues, is a democratic political process in which citizens determine their preferred form of statehood and nature of governance for their country. In South Sudan, however, political actors—with international support—established conditions…

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Hurdles to peace: a level-of-analysis approach to resolving Sudan’s civil wars

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Why do some peace agreements end armed conflicts whereas others do not? Previous studies have primarily focused on the relation between warring parties and the provisions included in peace agreements. Prominent mediators, however, have emphasised the importance of stakeholders at various levels for the outcome of peace agreements. To match the experience of these negotiators…

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“Help has not reached me here”: Donors must step up support for South Sudanese refugees in Uganda

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Rich countries are failing in their obligation to help Uganda support thousands of refugees fleeing death, rape and other human rights violations in South Sudan, said Amnesty International in a damning report launched ahead of a high-level donor summit in the Ugandan capital Kampala. More than 900,000 refugees have fled the brutal conflict in South…

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Bureaucratic access impediments to humanitarian operations in South Sudan

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Based on data from a recent survey, this report concludes that bureaucratic access impediments (BAI)—administrative restrictions which affect humanitarian organizations’ ability to reach people in need—are negatively impacting the humanitarian response in South Sudan and will continue to hinder operations if they are not addressed by all stakeholders and duty bearers. Download

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Protection of civilians sites: Lessons from South Sudan for future operations

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This publication is a first step in enabling the humanitarian and peacekeeping communities to be better prepared for future protection of civilians (POC) sites. It reflects on the experiences of the POC sites in South Sudan, but is designed for humanitarians and peacekeepers working in other crises and at the policy level. It challenges actors…

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Ending the conflict in South Sudan: The way forward, Peter Biar Ajak, May 2017

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In April 2017, I was part of a delegation of South Sudanese experts, activists and a religious leader that travelled to Addis Ababa to meet with policymakers at the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), African Union (AU), United Nations (UN), Ethiopian government and other African and Western governmental organizations. While in Addis, the delegation delivered…

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Key IPC Findings: June-July 2017

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This briefing document of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification outlines the key findings on the food security situation in South Sudan. It projects that it continues to deteriorate with 6 million (50% of the population) estimated to be severely food insecure (IPC Phases 3, 4, and 5), in June and July 2017. This is…

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Statebuilding and legitimacy: experiences of South Sudan

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In 2005, the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement / Army concluded a peace agreement, formally ending the 22-year-old civil war. Following a referendum, South Sudan seceded; donors put billions toward the new state and Sudan’s recovery, supporting – among other things – the development of new state institutions for both countries.…

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Involvement and Impact of External Actors on Constitution Making in South Sudan and Somaliland: A Comparative Study

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In order to examine the implications different forms and degrees of internationalised constitution making have on ideas of statehood and the legitimacy of a constitution, the study compares two cases—South Sudan and Somaliland—to explore contrasting patterns of international involvement in constitution making. South Sudan is the one ‘extreme’ case with strong international intervention, with Somaliland…

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Instruments of Pain (II): Conflict and Famine in South Sudan

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War in South Sudan led the UN to declare 100,000 people are suffering famine, with a further 5.5 million at risk. This special briefing urges the country to work harder to establish parameters for a ceasefire. At the same time, humanitarian corridors from Sudan should be kept open and donors must fully fund the UN…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN