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FAO/WFP Special Report – Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to South Sudan

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The net cereal production in 2018 (after deduction of post-harvest losses and seed use) in the traditional sector is estimated at about 745 000 tonnes, 15.5 percent below the average of the previous five years and 2.5 percent less than 2017. It is the smallest recorded output since the start of the conflict. In January…

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Dignity in displacement: Case studies from Afghanistan, Colombia, the Philippines and South Sudan

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Dignity is evoked specifically in many humanitarian documents and multiple sectors – including food and cash-based aid, livelihoods, education, health and hygiene, shelter, protection and psychosocial support. The Sphere Handbook promotes the overall principles of ‘the right to life with dignity, the right to receive humanitarian assistance and the right to protection and security’, and…

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Salvaging South Sudan’s Fragile Peace Deal

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Five years into South Sudan’s civil war, the main belligerents have once again agreed to stop fighting and form a unity government. But the set of agreements, finalised on 12 September 2018, two years after the last accord collapsed, does not end the country’s deep crisis. It neither resolves the power struggle between President Salva…

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NGOs & Risk: Managing Uncertainty in Local-International Partnerships

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This report examines partnerships between international NGOs (INGOs) and local/national NGOs (L/NNGOs) in two complex, conflict-driven emergencies: Nigeria and South Sudan. It presents case studies that are one component of InterAction’s Risk II: Local Actor Partnerships project – an 18-month research study funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster…

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Bridging the Gender Gap through Gender Difference: Aiding Patriarchy in South Sudan Education Reconstruction

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The persistence of gender inequality in education in Africa is due to poverty, cultural beliefs and traditions linked to gender-role expectations. This article presents the findings of a study that evaluated the outcomes of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Gender Equity through Education (GEE) programme aimed at increasing the participation of girls…

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The Protection of Civilians and ethics of humanitarian governance: beyond intervention and resilience

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The principle of the Protection of Civilians (PoC) in armed conflict has ethical repercussions in various actions undertaken by states and international organisations, from humanitarian relief, development aid, and peacekeeping, to warfare and military intervention. While the ethics of humanitarian intervention are instructive in this regard, most PoC practices should be conceived rather as modes…

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Survey of refugees and humanitarian staff in Uganda

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This report carried out in Uganda, is part of a project to understand how people affected by crises and humanitarian field staff perceive the impact of the Grand Bargain commitments. It is based on answers from two standardised surveys. The first conducted face-to-face with 607 South Sudanese refugees in settlements at Kiryandongo, Bidi Bidi and…

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Social norms and beliefs about gender based violence scale: a measure for use with gender based violence prevention programs in low-resource and humanitarian settings

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Gender-based violence (GBV) primary prevention programs seek to facilitate change by addressing the underlying causes and drivers of violence against women and girls at a population level. Social norms are contextually and socially derived collective expectations of appropriate behaviors. Harmful social norms that sustain GBV include women’s sexual purity, protecting family honor over women’s safety,…

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How to Make Peace Work in South Sudan: Criteria for More Effective Collective Conflict Management in South Sudan

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The following criteria for more effectively resolving the conflict in South Sudan were de-veloped by the South Sudan Reflection Group, facilitated by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung South Sudan Office. The Reflection Group was comprised of experts and senior civil-society representatives from South Sudan and other African countries who have long engaged in and with South Sudan. The…

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THE FUTURE OF PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS SITES: Protecting displaced people after South Sudan’s peace deal

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This memo addresses the future of the nearly 200,000 residents of the Protection of Civilians Sites (POCS) in South Sudan in the context of the implementation of the current peace agreement which envisages the closure of the POCS and the return of the residents to their former homes. The authors draw attention to the changing…

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Building conflict uncertainty into electricity planning: A South Sudan case study

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This paper explores electricity planning strategies in South Sudan under future conflict uncertainty. A stochastic energy system optimization model that explicitly considers the possibility of armed conflict leading to electric power generator damage is presented. Strategies that hedge against future conflict have the greatest economic value in moderate conflict-related damage scenarios by avoiding expensive near-term…

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Accelerating Localisation through Partnerships – Recommendations for operational practices that strengthen the leadership of national and local actors in partnership-based humanitarian action in South Sudan

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This research was commissioned by the Accelerating Localisation Through Partnerships programme – a multi-agency consortium programme funded by the European Commission’s Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) over two years (2017-2019) – to establish what operational elements of partnerships between local, national and international NGOs are most likely to foster localisation of humanitarian action.…

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Resilience in Displacement and the Protection of Civilians in South Sudan

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The United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) was established in 2011. As violence erupted in 2013, the peacekeeping mission allowed tens of thousands of civilians into its bases, leading to the establishment of Protection of Civilians (POC) sites that today shelter more than 200,000 people. The argument of this article is that the creation…

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The currency of connections: Why local support systems are integral to helping people recover in South Sudan

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The purpose of this report is to give aid actors insights into localized social protection and support systems in South Sudan and the ways in which humanitarian aid, including cash transfer programming, can both complement and disrupt these systems. The authors hope that this report, and others in this series, will enable donors and aid…

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South Sudan’s Civil War: Violence, Insurgency and Failed Peacemaking

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A mere two years after achieving independence, South Sudan in 2013 descended into violent civil war, refuting US government claims that the country’s succession was a major foreign policy success and would end endemic conflict. Worse was to follow when the international community declared famine in 2017. In the first book-length study of the South…

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Putting Human Rights up Front: Implications for Impartiality and the Politics of UN Peacekeeping

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This article traces the origins, development and implications of Human Rights Up Front (HRuF), a bold and visionary initiative launched by former Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon in 2013. While HRuF is part of a broader continuum of human rights-related reforms, its scope and focus is distinctive. HRuF puts the imperative to protect people from serious violations…

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Compound fractures: Political formations, armed groups and regional mediation in South Sudan

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In September 2018 the warring parties in South Sudan signed the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS). The R-ARCSS will be implemented in a daunting environment – over the course of the five-year conflict, political and security arenas have grown increasingly fractured. For the agreement to…

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Aid and Government: Conflict sensitivity and the state in South Sudan

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International aid is an important part of the political economy of South Sudan and interacts with government, including state and local structures and authorities, in a continuous and evolving manner. Innovation, cooperation, mistrust, and conflict have characterised the relationship between the broader international aid community and the structures that produce and exercise authority in this…

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Displaced nation: the dangerous implications of rushed returns in South Sudan

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South Sudan is facing one of the worst displacement crises in the world today. More than half of the population is food insecure and, if not for international humanitarian aid, the country would almost certainly have already faced famine. A new peace agreement is bringing cautious hope to the displaced and is driving discussions of…

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WEAPON SUPPLIES INTO SOUTH SUDAN’S CIVIL WAR: Regional re-transfers and international intermediaries

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This report presents a comprehensive survey of the sources and mechanisms of weapon transfers into South Sudan’s civil war since the start of the conflict in December 2013. It has three core findings, all of which may be relevant for the enforcement of the international arms embargo that the United Nations Security Council imposed on…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN