Grid View
Clear all

Taxonomy results for: Governance

Land Disputes in Urban and Peri-Urban South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

This report presents the findings from a survey of land-related disputes in urban and peri-urban areas of South Sudan. From November to December 2016, the South Sudan Law Society (SSLS), in partnership with Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) and the State Land Alliances (SLA), interviewed 942 individuals in ten locations across the country. Findings from this…

Read More

South Sudan’s stalled Peace Process Security arrangements in need of adjustment

|
|
|
|
|
|

According to the largely stalled Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) of 2015, a key component of the transitional security arrangement is the establishment of cantonment sites where fighters assemble to await disarmament, demobilization or force integration. The cantonment process was supposed to start soon after the signing of the agreement, but due…

Read More

Double-edged Sword: Vigilantes in African Counter-insurgencies

|
|
|
|
|
|

Vigilante groups have been successful in providing local security. But subcontracting security functions to vigilante groups for counter-insurgency purposes is a dangerous option for fragile African states. African leaders should set clear objectives and mandates when enlisting vigilantes and invest in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programs. Drawing on four illustrative cases – Sierra Leone, Uganda’s…

Read More

National Small Arms Assessment in South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

Small arms proliferation among civilians in South Sudan has long been thought widespread but there have been no reliable estimates of civilian weapon stocks to date. The deliberate arming of Southern communities during the first and second civil wars and the continuation of both authorized and covert conventional weapons transfers to Juba; illicit cross-border trafficking;…

Read More

Fettered Self-determination: South Sudan’s Narrowed Path to Secession

|
|
|
|
|
|

The interpretation of self-determination as a vote for secession shaped the state that South Sudan has become since the 2011 referendum. Self-determination, this paper argues, is a democratic political process in which citizens determine their preferred form of statehood and nature of governance for their country. In South Sudan, however, political actors—with international support—established conditions…

Read More

Poisoning at the periphery: allocating responsibility across the Uganda/South Sudan borderlands

|
|
|
|
|

This paper presents ethnographic evidence from three sites across the Uganda/South Sudan borderlands. At each location, procedures to identify alleged poisoners were documented. Novel voting processes were initiated by hybrid local authorities. Addressing widespread anxiety about proximate wrong-doing seemed to promote order locally. In this paper, we discuss similarities between locations and review what constitutes…

Read More

Bureaucratic access impediments to humanitarian operations in South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

Based on data from a recent survey, this report concludes that bureaucratic access impediments (BAI)—administrative restrictions which affect humanitarian organizations’ ability to reach people in need—are negatively impacting the humanitarian response in South Sudan and will continue to hinder operations if they are not addressed by all stakeholders and duty bearers. Download

Read More

Impact Report: Beyond the Statistics Workshop

|
|
|
|
|
|

The scale and complexity of the current crisis in South Sudan challenges description. The advocacy of journalists and non-governmental organisations – whilst generally based on good intentions – often relies on statistical descriptors, explanations of ‘inter-ethnic violence’, and impersonal stories of victimhood which serve to flatten this heterogeneous emergency. In short, many of these current…

Read More

Federalism Debate In South Sudan: Laying the Foundation for Acceptable, Responsive, and Inclusive Governance

|
|
|
|
|
|

The South Sudanese parties to the conflict signed the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) in August 2015 and essentially agreed to establish a federal system of government. This raises three critical questions. First, do the people of South Sudan support the establishment of federalism as envisioned by the warring parties?…

Read More

The State of the South Sudanese National Unity

|
|
|
|
|
|

This paper discusses the state of South Sudan’s national unity. Our insights are based on interviews conducted with the members of parliament, representatives of women and youth, civil society organizations, intellectuals, and representatives of political parties residing in Juba, South Sudan. Most of the respondents look at national unity as a sense of common purpose,…

Read More

Land Reform and Conflict in South Sudan: Evidence from Yei River County

|
|
|
|
|
|

Following South Sudanese independence in 2011, land reform became a major aspect of state building, partly to address historical injustices and partly to avoid future conflicts around land. In the process, land became a trigger for conflicts, sometimes between communities with no histories of “ethnic conflict.” Drawing on cases in two rural areas in Yei…

Read More

Dynamics of youth and violence: Findings from Rubkona County, Unity State

|
|
|
|
|
|

The report explores some of the issues facing male youth in the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) Bentiu Protection of Civilian (POC) site and in both urban and rural areas of Rubkona county. First, the report explores meanings of “youth” as a social category and dynamics of youth and violence in the current…

Read More

It takes a village to raise a militia: local politics, the Nuer White Army, and South Sudan’s civil wars

|
|
|
|
|
|

Why does South Sudan continue to experience endemic, low intensity conflicts punctuated by catastrophic civil wars? Reporters and analysts often mischaracterise conflicts in the young country of South Sudan as products of divisive ‘tribal’ or ‘ethnic’ rivalries and political competition over oil wealth. More nuanced analyses by regional experts have focused almost exclusively on infighting…

Read More

Statebuilding and legitimacy: experiences of South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

In 2005, the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement / Army concluded a peace agreement, formally ending the 22-year-old civil war. Following a referendum, South Sudan seceded; donors put billions toward the new state and Sudan’s recovery, supporting – among other things – the development of new state institutions for both countries.…

Read More

Involvement and Impact of External Actors on Constitution Making in South Sudan and Somaliland: A Comparative Study

|
|
|
|
|

In order to examine the implications different forms and degrees of internationalised constitution making have on ideas of statehood and the legitimacy of a constitution, the study compares two cases—South Sudan and Somaliland—to explore contrasting patterns of international involvement in constitution making. South Sudan is the one ‘extreme’ case with strong international intervention, with Somaliland…

Read More

Now We Are Zero: South Sudanese chiefs and elders discuss their roles in peace and conflict

|
|
|
|
|
|
|

In April 2016, seventeen chiefs from different parts of South Sudan gathered in Kuron Holy Trinity Peace Village, in Eastern Equatoria, to discuss the role of customary authority in governance—past and present—and their own contribution to peacemaking and a future political transition. The Chiefs’ meeting at Kuron was the first time that traditional leaders from…

Read More

Subject(s) to Control: Post-War Return Migration and State-Building in 1970s South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

This article looks at the history of post-war state-building in South Sudan through a study of one of the region’s many return migration projects. South Sudan was arguably the subject of the first state-led mass repatriation campaign of twentieth-century Africa, after the first civil war that escalated in 1963 and ended in 1972 with the…

Read More

Governing Unclear Lines: Local Boundaries as a (Re)source of Conflict in South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

South Sudan’s administrative boundaries stem from the colonial period. Since it gained independence in 2011, subsequent rounds of reshuffling of the political system, internal borders, and power relations have been a source of confusion, elite manipulation, and conflict throughout the country. This paper explores the impact of this confusion by focusing on multiple shifting linkages…

Read More
CSRF SOUTH SUDAN