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Uganda: a role model for refugee integration?

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Uganda hosts the largest refugee population in Africa and is, after Turkey and Pakistan, the third-largest refugee recipient country worldwide. Political and humanitarian actors have widely praised Ugandan refugee policies because of their progressive nature: In Uganda, in contrast to many other refugee-receiving countries, these are de jure allowed to work, to establish businesses, to…

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Kakuma Refugee Camp: Humanitarian Urbanism in Kenya’s Accidental City

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World leaders adopted a new refugee response framework last year in a renewed global effort to tackle the refugee crisis. At the heart of it is a renewed shift towards supporting host countries to integrate refugees into their national development plans, moving away from the encampment-based model towards a policy entailing greater mobility and freedoms…

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War-Induced Displacement: Hard Choices in Land Governance

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Civil war and violence often force large numbers of people to leave their lands. Multiple waves of displacement and (partial) return generate complex overlapping claims that are not easily solved. As people return to their regions of origin—sometimes after decades—they tend to find their land occupied by other settlers, some of whom hold legal entitlements.…

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South Sudan’s Costly Conflict and the Urgent Role of Religious Leaders

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In 2013, two years after South Sudan’s formation as the world’s newest nation, a costly civil war erupted that has ensnared the South Sudanese people and the nation’s developmental and consolidation process for more than five years. The article explores the current conflict against its historical backdrop, proposing a greater role for religious leaders in…

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Key considerations: bushmeat in the border areas of South Sudan and DRC

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In the context of the current Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), May 2019, this brief summarises key considerations about bushmeat (meat derived from wild animals for human consumption)in the context of preparedness activities in South Sudan. The brief detailsthe socio-cultural and socio-economic significance of bushmeat amongst at risk communities and perceived…

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Inclusion of Religious Actors in Peace and National Dialogue Processes

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Conflict resolution scholars and practitioners are increasingly focused on possibilities for broader representation of unofficial stakeholders within peace and national dialogue processes, an idea referred to as “inclusion of civil society” actors. Religious actors are among those eligible to participate, according to those contributing to the discourse on inclusion of civil society. This article considers…

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The nasty war: organised violence during the Anya-Nya insurgency in South Sudan, 1963–72

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In 1963, unrest in Sudan’s three southern provinces (today’s South Sudan) escalated into a civil war between the government and the Anya-Nya rebellion. The subsequent eight years of violence has hitherto largely escaped scrutiny from academic researchers and has remained a subject of popular imagination and politicised narratives. This article demonstrates how this history can…

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South Sudan Peace Agreement and Peacemaking

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The Zambakari Advisory is pleased to publish its first Special Issue on the subject: “South Sudan Peace Agreement and Peacemaking.” The Zambakari Advisory asked scholars, activists, students, former government officials and leading intellectuals to think about the theme for this issue and offer insights into it. The Zambakari Advisory hopes these analyses will provide new…

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Using livelihoods to support primary health care for South Sudanese refugees in Kiryandongo, Uganda

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Renewed conflict in South Sudan has displaced 2.3 million people outside the country, of whom 789,098 (35%) have taken refuge in neighbouring Uganda. Eighty-two percent of South Sudanese refugees are women and children. With increasing barriers to operating within the country due to ongoing instability, some organisations supporting primary health care in South Sudan have…

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Japan’s Security and the South Sudan Engagement: Internal and External Constraints on Japanese Military Rise Reconsidered

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The article aims to understand the practical relevance of Shinzo Abe’s recent security changes and their role in Abe’s general security strat-egy. It argues that although Shinzo Abe’s goal is a revision of Japan’s post-war security posture, there is still a plethora of legal, normative (popular) and practical constraints that prevent him from doing so.…

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The Status of South Sudan’s 2018 Peace Agreement

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South Sudan’s leaders signed a renewed peace agreement in September 2018. In this policy brief, the authors assess the implementation progress on the agreed reforms through the first six months. They find modest, but stalled, progress on some reforms. Critical provisions such as the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) program have not been initiated. Compared…

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Malakal Protection of Civilian Intention Perception Survey Report

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Malakal County’s population was estimated at 126,500 individuals during the 2008 census but was estimated to have grown in subsequent years before conflict erupted, with Malakal Town considered the second largest city in South Sudan prior to the 2013 conflict. According to a head-count conducted by IOM in February 2018, the population at the time…

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Love, duty and burden: Mothers’ and daughters’ engagements with familial obligations

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The proliferation of transnational migration has attracted scholars from diverse disciplines to investigate the experiences of migrants from different cultures. While cultural anthropologists are trained to understand the subjects’ emic perspectives, other social scientists who grapple with cultural diversity tend towards applying an etic analytical lens, without deeper engagement with given cultural logics. In order…

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Advancing the localisation agenda in protection coordination groups

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Recognising the value of localisation and building on the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) commitments, the Global Protection Cluster (GPC) and its four Areas of Responsibilities (AoRs) are seeking to meet the commitments made with regards to localisation and ensure that protection response strategies and coordination mechanisms are guided by the principle – “as local as…

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Reconfiguring the South Sudanese Women’s Movement

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This article examines multiple aspects that prompted the emergence and development of the women’s movement in South Sudan. It intends to outline challenges and opportunities for the women’s movement over the years. Indeed, there are numerous sociocultural, economic, political, and structural aspects that impinge on women’s collective actions and mobilization. Nevertheless, this article focuses on…

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Education-focused Gender Analysis Case Studies: Pibor and Juba, South Sudan

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This study was conducted with funding from the Danish International Development Agency (Danida) provided specifically to prepare for the launch of Oxfam education projects in Pibor and Juba in South Sudan. However, its findings will also be useful to the wider NGO community working in the country, with recommendations provided for the Government of South…

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Environmental Impact Assessment of a Proposed Small-Scale Cement Mining Operations in Kigwo Boma, Kangapo 1 Payam, Kajokeji County, Central Equatoria State, Republic of South Sudan

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Population growth and urbanization in the developing countries where efforts are concentrated in the urban and rural development through provision of facilities such as roads, houses, etc has resulted in high demand for cement. Considering the impact of the cement project on the environment, it is mandatory to conduct an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of…

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Human Security Survey 2018: Annual Summary Report for Jonglei State, South Sudan

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• A gap exists between local community security needs and the capacities for protection that security actors – local or international, like UNMISS – provide. • PAX and SSANSA address this gap by surveying local security perceptions and feeding back this information into protection dialogues involving citizens as well as security actors. • This report…

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Uganda case study – 2018 : Are integrated services a step towards integration?

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ReDSS on behalf of the European Union Trust Fund (EUTF) consortium in Uganda comprising of DRC, CEFORD, Save the Children and ZOA implementing programmes under the support programme for refugees and host communities in Northern Uganda (SPRS-NU), is very pleased to share its study ‘Are integrated services a step towards integration?’ The study examines whether,…

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Housing, Land and Property Disputes in South Sudan: Findings from a survey Nimule, Torit, Wau and Yei

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Introduction This report presents findings from a survey of 677 households in four towns in South Sudan – Nimule, Torit, Wau and Yei. The survey gathered data on respondent perceptions of and experiences with HLP disputes. South Sudan is currently experiencing a crisis of displacement on a scale that not been seen since the height…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN