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Taxonomy results for: Ethnography

South Sudan: A New History for a New Nation

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Africa’s newest nation has a long history. Often considered remote and isolated from the rest of Africa, and usually associated with the violence of slavery and civil war, South Sudan has been an arena for a complex mixing of peoples, languages, and beliefs. The nation’s diversity is both its strength and a challenge as its…

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Borders are Galaxies: Interpreting Contestations over Local Administrative Boundaries in South Sudan

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This article argues, drawing on research in a Dinka-speaking part of South Sudan, that conflicts over local boundaries are rooted in the existence of different border paradigms and in subsequent attempts to resolve, sometimes violently, competing moral claims on the landscape. Link to publication

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Assembling land control after displacement: some reflections from rural Southern Sudan

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This article recounts how, in the years prior to independence in 2011, returnees successfully assembled land for inhabitation and productive use through autochthonous modes of governance, legitimation and inscription. Link to publication

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Popular Struggles and Elite Co-optation: The Nuer White Army in South Sudan’s Civil War

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This document reviews the literature on the history, organization, and operation of the white army in the context of the civil war that erupted in December 2013. Based on interviews with white army members, it seeks to understand their motivation, their understanding of the civil war and the peace agreement and what they want for…

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Teaching the Violent Past in Secondary Schools in Newly Independent South Sudan

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This article analyses the teaching and learning of South Sudan history from 1955–2005 in secondary schools in South Sudan with a specific focus on national unity. The article argues that the national narrative of South Sudan is still closely tied to enemy images of the former enemy of Sudan in the north, while internal ethnic…

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Dividing Communities in South Sudan and Northern Uganda

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This report explores the underlying factors of land disputes and boundary conflicts; by shifting away from the national legislation and policy, it looks at changing land values, patterns of decentralisation and local hybrid ssystems of land governance as explaining factors.

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We have lived too long to be deceived: South Sudanese Discuss the Lessons of the Historic Peace Agreements

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Series of RVI lectures addressing lessons of South Sudan’s historic peace agreements. Critical questions raised were why negotiations succeed or fail, role of civil society, implications of the peace agreements for current situation and when opportunities for peace present themselves.

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On the State of Business: Trade, Entrepreneurship and Real Economic Governance in South Sudan

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This PhD thesis analyses how business activity and economic regulation in South(ern) Sudan was governed before and during the 2012 economic austerity period following the political decisiosn to shut down all oil production. The analyses focuses on the modalities of real economic governance, warranting an empirically-grounded ethnographic view of governance from the perspective of everyday…

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The Overlooked Role of Elites in African Grassroots Conflicts: A Case Study of the Dinka-Mundari-Bari Conflict in Southern Sudan

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The purpose of this paper is to chronicle three conflicts in Sudan and it attempts to explain why the occur, emphasizing the role of the elites in these conflicts. The paper provides an analysis of grassroots conflicts in Sudan. The paper uses the Dinka-Mundari-Bari Conflict in Central Equatoria State in Southern Sudan as a case…

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“Anyone who can carry a gun can go” – The role of the White Army in the current conflict in South Sudan

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This paper focuses on Nuer civilians who are fighting on the side of the SPLM/A-in-Opposition in the current civil war, popularly known as the White Army. Doing this the report challenges some prevalent misconceptions about the White Army. Download

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What is Youth Violence in Jonglei?

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Since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 the state of Jonglei in South Sudan has experienced widespread local violence and insecurity. A generation of “youth in crisis” is perceived to be at the heart of the problem. Based on insights garnered from nearly 150 interviews in Jonglei, this PRIO Paper demonstrates that…

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Youth culture, refugee (re)integration, and diasporic identities in South Sudan

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Based on fieldwork conducted among young South Sudanese refugees in Egypt and Uganda and returnees in South Sudan, this essay examines the various identities and cultural orientations imported and reconstructed by returnee youth now living in Juba, the capital of South Sudan, after years of exile. Download

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Security responses in Jonglei State in the aftermath of inter-ethnic violence

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This paper reviews the immediate security responses following the inter-ethnic violence in Jonglei, December 2011. The paper concludes with a broad assessment of other areas of inter-ethnic violence in South Sudan and analyses whether the potential security responses in Jonglei are also applicable elsewhere, as many may perceive the situation to be the same in…

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Climate Change and Inter-community Conflict Over Natural Resources in Jonglei State

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In this briefing, the impact of climate change on conflict dynamics between ethnic communities in Jonglei State is analysed. The researchers looked in particular at how community representatives perceived changes in climactic patterns in recent years, and resulting changes to migratory movements by pastoralist groups. Download

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Dowry and Division: Youth and State Building in South Sudan

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This is one in a series of United States Institute of Peace special reports on state-building in the Republic of South Sudan following its creation on July 9, 2011. Each report analyzes an aspect of the state-building challenge and recommends priorities for the government of South Sudan. This report assesses the situation, priorities, and expectations…

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War of Visions Conflict of Identities in the Sudan

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The civil war that has intermittently raged in the Sudan since independence in 1956 is, according to Francis Deng, a conflict of contrasting and seemingly incompatible identities in the Northern and Southern parts of the country. Identity is seen as a function of how people identify themselves and are identified in racial, ethnic, cultural, linguistic,…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN