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The New Kings of Crude: China, India, and the Global Struggle for Oil in Sudan and South Sudan

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The need for oil in Asia’s new industrial powers, China and India, has grown dramatically. The New Kings of Crude takes the reader from the dusty streets of an African capital to Asia’s glistening corporate towers to provide a first look at how the world’s rising economies established new international oil empires in Sudan, amid one of…

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Trading with Neighbours: Understanding Uganda–South Sudan business community trade relations

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International Alert’s report, Trading with neighbours, examines the realities of trade relations between business communities in Uganda and South Sudan. The report provides targeted recommendations to business and traders associations, civil society, the governments of Uganda and South Sudan, financial institutions and the media aimed at remedying these adverse trade issues and practices, in an…

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Community-Based Animal Health Workers in the Horn of Africa

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This report describes the process and findings of an evaluation of community-based animal health workers (CAHWs) in Kenya, Ethiopia, and South Sudan. Overall, the researchers find that CAHWs continue to be the preferred service provider at the community level, and that their assistance has a significant positive effect on the livelihood impacts of livestock diseases.…

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Land tenure reform for food security in South Sudan

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This briefing paper from 2013 demonstrates the different challenges that land access, use, and management systems present to food security throughout the country. Although ongoing food insecurity is driven by a number of interdependent factors, interventions in agricultural production and dispute resolution at the policy and project levels have largely ignored the fundamental challenges posed…

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Policies, Practice and Participation in protracted crises: The case of livestock interventions in Southern Sudan

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This chapter describes the importance of livestock as a fundamental livelihoods asset for agropastoral communities in South Sudan, and explains the complex linkages between the ownership and use of livestock, conflict, marketing systems, seasonality and vulnerability. It also examines how programmes to support pastoralist livelihoods in southern Sudan have introduced innovative, participatory elements that go…

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Still waiting for the Bonanza: The oil business in South Sudan after 2005

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The paper examines the oil sector in South Sudan since 2005, when the historic Comprehensive Peace Agreement was reached between the Government of the former Sudan and the then rebel Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army. It argues that, as in many low-income countries, the benefits from the oil sector have been reaped mainly by a small…

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Environmental & Ecological Assessment of the Sobat River Fisheries

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In support of USAID South Sudan’s programmatic objectives to explore an expansion of the USAID-funded South Sudan Transition and Conflict Mitigation (SSTCM) program’s Youth Fisheries Project of 2011-2012, an ecological and environmental assessment was conducted. The study not only focuses on the aforementioned project itself but also on the wider environment of the Sobat River…

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Dividing Lines: Grazing and Conflict along the Sudan–South Sudan Border

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This paper explores how the emergence of a national border has affected the communities in the region, based on five case studies primarily through the lens of the 2011-2012 grazing season, the first since South Sudan’s independence. Download

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The Borderlands of South Sudan: Authority and Identity in Contemporary and Historical Perspectives

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Moving beyond the current fixation on “state construction,” the interdisciplinary work gathered here explores regulatory authority in South Sudan’s borderlands from both contemporary and historical perspectives. Taken together, these studies show how emerging governance practices challenge the bounded categorizations of “state” and “non-state.” Link to publication

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South Sudan: A Study on Competitiveness and Cross Border Trade with Neighbouring Countries

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The study assessed the competitiveness of the South Sudanese economy in terms of export performance. The goal is to provide an analytical foundation for the development of policy recommendations with a view to enhancing the export competitiveness of the country and the overall regional benefit of trade. It is envisaged that as the country develops,…

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Sobat Fisheries Evaluation

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This report presents an evaluation of a fisheries program funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented by AECOM International South Sudan (AECOM) under the South Sudan Transition and Conflict Mitigation (SSTCM) Program in the Sobat River Corridor. The program’s purpose was to direct quick-impact conflict mitigation and stabilization programming to…

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Designing Fisheries Programs in the Sobat River Basin

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The Sobat River Basin covers an extensive area stretching from northeast of Boma in Jonglei to the rivers’ intersection with the White Nile near Malakal in Upper Nile. Capture fisheries has great potential for development in the Sobat Corridor, but has remained a surprisingly neglected resource. The full utilization of the water resources is both…

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Establishing a Mining Sector in Postwar South Sudan

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This report is based on research conducted in Juba, Torit, and Kapoeta during August and September 2012. The research provides an initial examination on the underdocumented issue of mining in South Sudan and seeks to provide the government of South Sudan with evidence-based recommendations that can help it to develop a regulatory framework that will…

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Challenges to Security, Livelihoods, and Gender Justice in South Sudan: The situation of Dinka agro-pastoralist communities in Lakes and Warrap States

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In South Sudan, widespread euphoria following independence in July 2011 has given way to disappointment that expected peace dividends have not materialised. Many South Sudanese are experiencing insecurity, a lack of access to basic services, and increasing inequalities. Pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities in remote border areas are particularly affected by insecurity and by a lack…

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Public Expenditures in South Sudan : Are They Delivering?

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Budget expenditures have been on the rise in South Sudan since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), reaching levels that are quite in excess of those of its East African neighbors. This note examines to what extent the oil resources that finance most public expenditure are productively used to address the huge development challenges of South…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN