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The Creation of 28 South Sudanese States: Is It Economically and Legally Viable?

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In this weekly review, the Sudd Institute attempts to shed light on the expansion of states in South Sudan. The analysis looks at the driving factors behind the decisions, implications in the context of economic viability, constitutionality, and timing of the decision. The authors believe that, although there are plausible merits to the creation of…

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South Sudan – Systematic Country Diagnostic

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The combination of South Sudan’s historical and geographical isolation, extreme fragility to conflict, oil dependence, and extremely low socio-economic conditions represents a formidable and almost unique development challenge. The Republic of South Sudan emerged from decades of conflict in 2011 as the world’s newest independent country. In an extremely fragile country like South Sudan, reducing…

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Markets in Crises: South Sudan Case Study

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This study from 2015 aims at understanding how crises (and external interventions in response to crises) affect markets and market relations, in order to better understand livelihoods and humanitarian (and, in the longer term, developmental) outcomes.

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Small and Far Between: Peacekeeping Economies in South Sudan

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This article presents an investigation of the stunted peacekeeping economy in South Sudan in the period 2005–12, corresponding to the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) (2005–11) and the first years of its successor, the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). The article explores ways in which UNMIS and UNMISS have interacted with the national and…

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Understanding the Enforcement of Environmental Provisions of Petroleum Act, 2012 and Why Environmental Ruin Continues

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This paper evaluates the extent to which the environmental provisions of the South Sudanese Petroleum Act (2012) have been enforced, and attempts to identify the gaps and challenges facing the implementation. To determine the level of enforcement, the Sudd Institute conducted structured interviews with key officials from the ministries of Environment and Petroleum and Mining…

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Making Sense of Turbelent Contexts Final Report: The Republic of South Sudan

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Reports from the “Making Sense of Turbulent Contexts” workshop, Making Sense of Turbulent Contexts is a World Vision developed set of tools to assist participants from across a national community to conduct a macro level analysis of their own context. South Sudan is one case study. Download

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Land Governance, Local Authorities and Unrepresentative Representation in Rural South Sudan

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This paper is based on a preliminary exploration of local representation in the Bor County Land Authority (CLA) in South Sudan. CLAs were set up with the mandate to represent rural communities and incorporate local concerns in land matters. The study explored the means of CLA authorization, communicative interactions, and the extent of downward accountability.…

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South Sudan’s civil service challenges: An outside perspective

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As South Sudan emerges from the immediate aftermath of conflict, the task of strengthening government capability, particularly in the core civil service, will be essential to facilitating economic development and ensuring the basic social services the population needs to construct the new country’s future. This note brings an outside perspective to those challenges. It identifies…

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South Sudan: A Slow Liberation

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A remarkably comprehensive examination of the politics, history and economic development of contemporary South Sudan. In 2011, South Sudan became independent following a long war of liberation, that gradually became marked by looting, raids and massacres pitting ethnic communities against each other. In this remarkably comprehensive work, Edward Thomas provides a multi-layered examination of what…

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2014 Article IV Consultation – Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Press Release

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This report includes a summary of bilateral discussions with South Sudanese officials on economic developments and policies. The discussions were conducted in a context affected by different challenges including armed conflict, fractured politics, feeble institutions and capacity, underdevelopment, corruption, and an economic crisis. The report also includes a number of recommendations. Download

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Invisible Labour: the Political Economy of Reintegration in South Sudan

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This article considers the 2005–12 Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR) programme in South Sudan. Current DDR practice centres on ex-combatants’ reintegration through encouraging entrepreneurship and selfemployment and thereby their willingness to take risks and responsibility. However, South Sudan’s DDR programme invisibilizes and obscures the excombatants’ endogenous capacity to adapt and generate an income. Based on…

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On the State of Business: Trade, Entrepreneurship and Real Economic Governance in South Sudan

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This PhD thesis analyses how business activity and economic regulation in South(ern) Sudan was governed before and during the 2012 economic austerity period following the political decisiosn to shut down all oil production. The analyses focuses on the modalities of real economic governance, warranting an empirically-grounded ethnographic view of governance from the perspective of everyday…

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When Kleptocracy Becomes Insolvent: Brute Causes of the Civil War in South Sudan

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South Sudan obtained independence in July 2011 as a kleptocracy – a militarized, corrupt neo-patrimonial system of governance. By the time of independence, the South Sudanese “political marketplace” was so expensive that the country’s comparatively copious revenue was consumed by the military-political patronage system, with almost nothing left for public services, development or institution building.…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN