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Implications of the Economic Crisis in South Sudan

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South Sudan is in the midst of an economic crisis. The economic situation in the country is often overlooked in the context of the humanitarian emergency and the fragile political and conflict environment; yet the worsening economic conditions in the country hold widespread implications for further political instability as well as the operating conditions for…

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Risk, Resilience, and Pastoralist Mobility

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As livestock becomes increasingly recognized for its significant contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and exports, this report investigates the practice of pastoralism in Sudan. The authors delineate migration patterns, rationales, and market strategies, and offer recommendations for policymakers and service providers interacting with communities that practice pastoralism. This study finds: Herders do not follow individual…

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Assembling land control after displacement: some reflections from rural Southern Sudan

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This article recounts how, in the years prior to independence in 2011, returnees successfully assembled land for inhabitation and productive use through autochthonous modes of governance, legitimation and inscription. Link to publication

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The politics of displacement-related land conflict in Yei River County, South Sudan

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Drawing on empirical evidence from Yei River County in South Sudan, this paper argues that, rather than a temporary phenomenon, displacement may lead to a drastic reorganisation of land occupation and governance. Such reorganisation may become strongly connected to broader political contention. In the case of Yei, existing legal frameworks and institutions are inadequate to…

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A History of South Sudan: From Slavery to Independence

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South Sudan is the world’s youngest independent country. Established in 2011 after two wars, South Sudan has since reverted to a state of devastating civil strife. This book provides a general history of the new country, from the arrival of Turco-Egyptian explorers in Upper Nile, the turbulence of the Mahdist revolutionary period, the chaos of…

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Everything Changes to Remain the Same? State and Tax Reform in South Sudan

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By looking at three case-studies of taxation and private sector regulation reforms, the paper will show how the overlapping and often contradictory regulatory frameworks of the state provide the setting for bricolage strategies by different actors. These actors, and particularly state officials, rely on a variety of institutional resources to implement, resist or remake certain…

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Dividing Communities in South Sudan and Northern Uganda

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This report explores the underlying factors of land disputes and boundary conflicts; by shifting away from the national legislation and policy, it looks at changing land values, patterns of decentralisation and local hybrid ssystems of land governance as explaining factors.

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Missed Out: The Role of Local Actors in the Humanitarian Response in the South Sudan Conflict

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This study seeks to understand the strengths and challenges of working with national and local nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) in South Sudan’s conflict-driven humanitarian emergency following the escalation of conflict on 15 December 2013, and reviews how the broader humanitarian system facilitates or prevents their involvement. Download

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Pastoralism, Conflict and Recovery in South Sudan

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On 15 April 2016, the Norwegian Refugee Council, with support from the Swiss Development Cooperation, hosted a roundtable discussion on pastoralism, conflict and recovery in South Sudan. During the two – year conflict, an unprecedented number of cattle have been separated from their owners, often through the violent raids that have contributed to the displacement…

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Market Integration and Poverty : Evidence from South Sudan

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This paper examines the effects of market integration on household consumption using data on seven food and two energy markets across South Sudan. The analysis reveals that markets in South Sudan are highly segmented. Price differences for narrowly defined products, across cities exceed in some cases 100 percent. In addition, price volatility increased substantially following…

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Binding pipelines? Oil, armed conflicts, and economic rationales for peace in the two Sudans

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This article points at the challenging political geography of oil in the two Sudans and the tensions undermining economic logics of ‘mutual interests’ and ‘peace dividends’ between, and within, these two countries. Link to publication

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The Impact of Conflict on the Livestock Sector in South Sudan

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The crisis erupted at the end of 2013 engulfed nearly all states and community groups resulting in the proliferation of conflict actors. While the crisis has impacted all economic sectors, livestock was specifically affected because of the targeting for cattle raiding by the warring parties. Added to this was the restriction on seasonal movements without…

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Special Working Paper on Devaluation of South Sudan Pound: Short-term Food Security Implications

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With a view to restore order and boost confidence in the money markets, the Bank of South Sudan (BoSS) on 15th December 2015 dropped the fixed exchange rate regime in favor of the floating system in which the value of the South Sudanese Pound against USD is determined by the prevailing market forces. This effectively…

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The Economic Impact of Peacekeeping: Evidence from South Sudan

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This paper investigates the effect of the deployment of United Nations Blue Helmets on economic activity in South Sudan with a special focus on agricultural production. Since UN troops are predicted to improve security, in particular, we expect a positive relationship between deployment of UN blue Helmets and cereal production. We test our hypothesis using…

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Exchange Rate Reform in South Sudan

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This paper considers the role of the exchange rate in the economy and its importance as a macroeconomic instrument, and outlines the policy choices that are available to governments in general, and the government of South Sudan in particular. We discuss the drivers of exchange rate developments in South Sudan, before reviewing the available options…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN