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The militarization of cattle raiding in South Sudan: how a traditional practice became a tool for political violence

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Cattle raiding, a longstanding practice among pastoralists in South Sudan, was historically governed by cultural authorities and ritual prohibitions. However, after decades of on-and-off integration into armed forces, raiders are now heavily armed, and military-style attacks claim dozens if not hundreds of lives at a time. Beginning with the emergence of the infamous Lou Nuer…

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Capture on the Nile

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South Sudan’s state-owned oil company, the Nile Petroleum Corporation (Nilepet), has been captured by predatory elites at the heart of the country’s brutal civil war. The company is almost entirely unregulated and has fallen under the direct control of the President and his inner circle, including the head of South Sudan’s oppressive Internal Security Bureau,…

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Hungry for peace: exploring the links between conflict and hunger in South Sudan

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In December 2017, South Sudan marked four years of devastating conflict. Only a few months later, it has reached another critical point: more South Sudanese are hungry than ever before. While the February 2018 Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) does not declare famine, any classification of IPC 3 upwards means people need aid to…

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South Sudan Key IPC Findings: January-July 2018

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This briefing document of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification outlines the key findings on the food security situation in South Sudan. In February-April 2018, with humanitarian assistance planned, funded and likely there are 53 counties in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), 17 counties in Emergency (IPC Phase 4) and none in Famine (IPC Phase 5).…

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South Sudan – Urban Food Security and Nutrition Assessment in Juba, Data collected in September – October 2017

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The food security and nutrition situation in South Sudan has been deteriorating in recent years due to outbreak of conflicts, poor production, disruption of markets, rapid rise in prices, diseases and natural disasters such as floods and drought in parts of the country. With the ongoing macroeconomic crisis including the rapid depreciation of the South…

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Building Climate Resilience in Fragile Contexts: Key Findings of BRACED Research in South Sudan

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Since 2013 South Sudan has been in a protracted crisis brought about by conflict. It is within this context that the UK Aid funded Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programme became operational. BRACED supports building national climate resilience at multiple levels within South Sudan. Climate change is already visible in…

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Famine, Access and Conflict Sensitivity: What opportunities do livestock offer in South Sudan?

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This report that discusses opportunities provided by livestock in South Sudan referring to famine, access and conflict sensitivity is based on research conducted by Naomi Pendle and the Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility (CSRF) in 2017. The research was funded by the UK, Swiss, and Canadian Donor Missions in South Sudan.

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South Sudan Post-Independence Dilemmas

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South Sudan: Post-Independence Dilemmas is an interdisciplinary collection of essays which engages with the failure of the newest African State to transition itself successfully to a state and nation after its independence in July 2011. The contributors explore the prospects for new modes of politics capable of simultaneously healing and reconciling the divided communities while…

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Transforming land governance and strengthening the state in south Sudan

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This article analyzes how transformations of land governance in the new Republic of South Sudan play into processes of everyday state formation. National land tenure reforms and decentralization policies have increased polarization between local public authorities in and around Yei Town, who vie for legitimacy amongst returning refugees, internally displaced people and migrants arriving in…

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Applying Community-Driven Development to Strengthen Resilience in a Conflict Setting: Lessons from South Sudan”

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The USAID Promoting Resilience through Ongoing Participatory Engagement and Learning (PROPEL) program was designed to foster social cohesion and resilience in targeted communities in Jonglei, Lakes, and Eastern and Central Equatoria states in South Sudan through a Community-Driven Development (CDD) approach. PROPEL provided material improvements in the lives of community members and at the same…

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South Sudan’s Renewable Energy Potential: A Building Block for Peace

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This report argues that a systemwide donor-driven transition to renewable energy—and specifically solar power—to support humanitarian programming is a viable way forward both now and over the longer term. Although such a transition alone will not end the conflict, it offers donors a more strategic alternative to the current practice. In the near term, a…

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Challenges and possible improvement of livestock sector in South Sudan

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South Sudan has agrıculture as one of the main contributors of her economy since the vast majority of the households engage in different agricultural activities. Among which is Livestock and it is mostly done on small scale. Cattle keepers are faced with challenges like political instability, civil conflicts, cattle raiding, Continuous uncontrolled pastoralism and poor…

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South Sudan Economic Update, 2017 : Taming the Tides of High Inflation

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The Republic of South Sudan emerged in 2011 from decades of conflict as the world’s newest independent country, with huge state and peace building challenges, and extreme institutional and socio-economic deficits. By August 2016, South Sudan displayed all the signs of macroeconomic collapse,with output contracting, and inflation and parallel exchange market premium spiraling.The fiscal deficit…

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Patterns of growth and inequality in Sudan, 1977-2017

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Most people date Sudan’s Islamist turn to 1983, when the decaying government of Jaafar Nimeiri began a controversial experiment with Islamic sharīca law, or to the Islamists’ National Salvation Revolution, led by Omar al-Bashir in 1989. But for Hasan al-Turabi, the leader of Sudan’s Islamist movement for most of its twentieth century existence, Sudan’s Islamist…

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Reducing poverty through improved agro-logistics in a fragile country: findings from a trader survey in South Sudan

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South Sudan is a fragile country. South Sudan is one of the most food insecure countries in the world. Conflict and long standing economic and social changes are disrupting agricultural production, markets, and community livelihoods, which are consequently increasing food insecurity and poverty rates in South Sudan. Though the current macro-economic crisis threatens to worsen…

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Starving Out the Enemy: Withholding food aid as a tactic of war in South Sudan

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South Sudan has been at the heart of a relentless civil war for more than 30 years, but its ongoing violence has recently reached a level of unprecedented severity. As armed insurgents continue to clash with the government’s military forces, thousands of civilians have lost their lives and millions remain displaced. Earlier this year, the…

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Key IPC Findings: September 2017 – March 2018

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This briefing document of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification outlines the key findings on the food security situation in South Sudan. It suggests that South Sudan entered the harvest season in September 2017 with 6 million people (56% of the total population) estimated to be severely food insecure , out of which 40,000 are…

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Indigenous Solutions to Food Insecurity: Wild Food Plants of South Sudan

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During times of severe food shortages, alternative sources of food are the only means of survival. When crops fail or are destroyed, markets, houses, livestock and food stores are demolished or stolen, and movement is limited due to conflict, local populations have only two sources of food left; aid and what is locally available in…

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Everything except soil: Understanding wild food consumption during the lean season in South Sudan

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Wild plants are a critical part of the regular South Sudanese diet and become even more important during the lean season. This paper explores seasonal consumption patterns and recent significant changes in those patterns in Panyijar County, Unity State during the acute food crisis in 2017. It provides information on local preferences and health perceptions…

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South Sudan: A Political Economy Analysis

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This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the current state of South Sudan. A main argument is that its political economy is fundamentally atypical: achieving independence in 2011 and dissolving into renewed civil war in 2013, South Sudan is suffering the crisis of a weak, neo-patrimonial guerrilla government, with fragmented military-political systems that stretch across…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN