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Constraints and Complexities of Information Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from South Sudan

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South Sudan, in the midst of conflict since 2011, is facing one of the world’s most challenging humanitarian operations. Further, the vastness of the country, the dispersed population, and the limits on transportation and telecommunications services make it difficult to gather and analyze data. South Sudan uses the Integrated Phase Classification system(IPC) to determine the…

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Eliciting Accurate Responses to Consumption Questions among IDPs in South Sudan Using “Honesty Primes”

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Misreporting is a well-known challenge for researchers in social sciences. This issue is especially prevalent if incentives for misreporting exist, for example, to claim certain benefits or hide illegal behavior. Internally displaced persons are a population that is highly dependent on aid receipts and, thus, have strong incentives to underreport consumption levels. To improve reporting…

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Climate Change and Gender in South Sudan

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Climate change poses global risks (World Economic Forum, 2016, IPCC, 2014). These risks adversely affect women in developing countries because of their little capacity to adapt (Brody et al, 2008). Previous studies show that women are more vulnerable to climate change than men for a variety of reasons, including illiteracy, low socioeconomic skills, inadequate access…

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The state, inequality, and the political economy of long-term food aid in Sudan

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Inequality is a major determinant of access to food in Sudan, with power, wealth and services concentrated within a central Sudan elite, leaving much of the country marginalized, impoverished and suffering repeated emergencies. This article discusses how food aid both contributed to the state’s exclusionary development process and tried but failed to assist crisis-affected populations…

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Vegetation monitoring in refugee-hosting areas in South Sudan

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Mass population displacements put additional stress on the ecosystems and often lead to conflicts with the host communities, especially in the case of large refugee or Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camps. Therefore, there is need for the assessment of environmental impacts and, based on this, the sustainable management of natural resources between host and refugee…

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Impact of Conflict on Adolescent Girls in South Sudan

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Violent conflict and instability affect men and women in heterogeneous ways, including differentiated impacts on economic, social, physical, and mental well-being. This study assesses the impact of the post-2013 conflict in South Sudan on adolescent girls and young women. The analysis uses data from the Adolescent Girls Initiative endline survey and the Armed Conflict Location…

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Generating Sustainable Livelihoods and Leadership for Peace in South Sudan: Lessons from the Ground

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The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, is implementing a five-year project (September 2016–August 2021) on “Generating Sustainable Livelihoods and Leadership for Peace in South Sudan” as part of a consortium of three organisations, also including the Agency for Cooperation and Research in Development (ACORD) and DanChurchAid (DCA). The long-term goal of…

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Politics, Power and Chiefship in Famine and War: A study of the former Northern Bahr el-Ghazal state, South Sudan

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South Sudan’s civil war has spread across the country, fuelling economic collapse and food shortages, and sending millions of residents fleeing across its borders. Although the former Northern Bahr el-Ghazal State has escaped the worst excesses of the current conflict—in part because it is a supposed heartland of South Sudan’s ruling politicalmilitary elites—it is also…

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Enabling treatment of severe acute malnutrition in the community: Study of a simplified algorithm and tools in South Sudan – June 2018 – Final report

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Malnutrition in South Sudan is omnipresent due to factors such as widespread disease (particularly malaria, diarrhea and pneumonia), poor health infrastructure and access to timely and effective treatment, prevalent non-recommended infant and young child feeding practices and inconsistent availability and accessibility to a diverse diet. In Aweil South County, the global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence…

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Comparative Study of Activities and Modalities for Resilience Building in South Sudan

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South Sudanis a complex working environment, presenting unique challenges for development programming. This comparative study aimed to assess what lessons could be learned from the recently closed portfolio of projects seeking to strengthen resilience, with a focus on agriculture, food security and livelihoods. This report highlights learning in two categories: modalities of working and activities.…

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The role of livestock in refugee–host community relations

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In South Sudan, tensions arose when refugees arrived with their livestock, disrupting the existing relationships between the local population and nomadic peoples. Understanding the relations between all three groups of people and their livestock was key to finding solutions. The Republic of South Sudan became the world’s newest country in July 2011, separating from Sudan…

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South Sudan: first state of environment and outlook report 2018

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One of the top priorities of the Government of South Sudan is to develop and implement sustainable management plans in the sub-sectors of the environment sector, so that the exploitation of natural resources does not adversely impact the environment. Until that is achieved, there is enormous pressure on natural resources, especially on the forests, as…

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South Sudan: Integrated Rapid Response Mechanism 2017

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In March 2014, to reach internally displaced people and those most affected by the ongoing conflict with lifesaving humanitarian assistance, and to re-open humanitarian space, the World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) initiated an Integrated Rapid Response Mechanism (IRRM). This was designed to address critical gaps in provision of lifesaving…

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The Petroleum Revenue Sharing Arrangement in South Sudan

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This report scrutinizes the transfer of the 2% and 3% of net petroleum revenues to the petroleum producing states and communities. Using historical budget outturns, key informant interviews, and policy documents, we find that: o The three percent (3%) share of net petroleum revenues has not been properly allocated and transferred to petroleum producing communities;…

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Displacement, Access, and Conflict in South Sudan: A Longitudinal Perspective

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Contemporary debates about humanitarianism in South Sudan focus on the pressing problems of the present, with access issues and violence against humanitarians understandably at the forefront of donor and humanitarian concerns. While valuable and comprehensible, this focus on the present has meant that the ways in which aid shapes conflict in the long term have…

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South Sudan: First State of Environment and Outlook Report 2018

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One of the top priorities of the Government of South Sudan is to develop and implement sustainable management plans in the sub-sectors of the environment sector, so that the exploitation of natural resources does not adversely impact the environment. Until that is achieved, there is enormous pressure on natural resources, especially on the forests, as…

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Final Evaluation Report of Norwegian Church Aid’s Emergency Preparedness and Response Programme in South Sudan

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This report was produced for Norwegian Church Aid (NCA) by Action Against Hunger UK’s Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning Services. NCA started the ‘Emergency Preparedness and Response Programme’ in January 2014 after violence erupted in December 2013, and it has been implemented in a phased approach with Phase 5 completed in August 2017. The overall objective…

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Climate Change Profile South Sudan

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This climate change profile is designed to help integrate climate actions into development activities. Since 1980, decreasing rainfall has been accompanied by rapid increases in temperature on the order of more than 1°C. This warming, which is two and a half times greater than the global warming, is making ‘normal’ years effectively drier. Rapid population…

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Cash-based Programmes and Conflict: Key areas of interaction and options for conflict-sensitive programming in South Sudan

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This research was conducted by Dr. Edward Thomas, Ranga Gworo of the Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility (CSRF) and Kiden Grace Wani of the World Food Programme (WFP) in February and March 2018, and funded by the UK, Swiss, Canadian and Netherlands Donor Missions in South Sudan. Cash-based programmes can help poor households address food insecurity,…

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Findings around cash-based programmes and conflict

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This briefing paper is based on research conducted by the Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility (CSRF) in February and March 2018, and funded by the UK, Switzerland, Canada and the Netherlands. The full report can be found on the CSRF Research Repository. Cash-based programmes are changing the way aid works in South Sudan. Conditional and unconditional…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN