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Bridging the Gap in the Nile Waters Dispute

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What’s new? Ethiopia is moving ahead with construction of Africa’s largest dam, despite Egypt’s worry that it will reduce the downstream flow of the Nile, the source of around 90 per cent of its freshwater supply. It is crucial that the parties resolve their dispute before the dam begins operating. Why does it matter? The…

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FAO/WFP Special Report – Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to South Sudan

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The net cereal production in 2018 (after deduction of post-harvest losses and seed use) in the traditional sector is estimated at about 745 000 tonnes, 15.5 percent below the average of the previous five years and 2.5 percent less than 2017. It is the smallest recorded output since the start of the conflict. In January…

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South Sudan: Perils of Payroll Peace

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The Conflict and Research Programme at the London School of Economics, of which WPF is a partner, has just published a new South Sudan Policy Memo, “The Perils of Payroll Peace.” South Sudan’s peace is structured to create material incentives for political elites and soldiers to stick to the agreement. But it also creates a…

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Trade, peace-building and hybrid governance in the Sudan-South Sudan borderlands

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Trade and markets in weak states are often discussed in relation with violence, security and peace-building. A case in point are marketplaces in the Sudan-South Sudan borderlands where communities separated by insecurity and hostility meet, not only to trade but also to negotiate and exchange information. This does not imply that establishment of such markets…

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Broadening ‘business’, widening ‘peace’: a new research agenda on business and peace-building

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What role does business play in peace-building and conflict reduction? This is the introduction (article) to a special issue that tackles this complex question, exploring varied business efforts to bring peace through six rigorous qualitative cases in Myanmar, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan, Somaliland, Brazil, Guatemala and El Salvador. Three main findings cut across…

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Building conflict uncertainty into electricity planning: A South Sudan case study

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This paper explores electricity planning strategies in South Sudan under future conflict uncertainty. A stochastic energy system optimization model that explicitly considers the possibility of armed conflict leading to electric power generator damage is presented. Strategies that hedge against future conflict have the greatest economic value in moderate conflict-related damage scenarios by avoiding expensive near-term…

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Estimating Poverty in a Fragile Context – The High Frequency Survey in South Sudan

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The High Frequency South Sudan Survey, implemented by the South Sudan National Bureau of Statistics in collaboration with the World Bank, conducted several waves of representative surveys across seven of the ten former states between 2015 and 2017. These surveys provided a long overdue update to poverty numbers in South Sudan, with the previous national…

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The currency of connections: Why local support systems are integral to helping people recover in South Sudan

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The purpose of this report is to give aid actors insights into localized social protection and support systems in South Sudan and the ways in which humanitarian aid, including cash transfer programming, can both complement and disrupt these systems. The authors hope that this report, and others in this series, will enable donors and aid…

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Livestock and livelihoods in South Sudan

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This rapid review provides a synthesis of evaluations and learning reviews of livestock and livelihood in South Sudan. It begins with the elaboration of the importance of livestock to livelihoods. The review identifies that agro-pastoralism is the main livelihood system in rural areas of South Sudan. Although agro-pastoralism involves both livestock rearing and crop production,…

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Pathways to Achieving Food Security, Sustainable Peace and Gender Equality: Evidence from Three FAO Interventions

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Despite increasing recognition among international organizations that livelihood security, sustainable peace, conflict prevention and gender equality are complementary goals that require integrated policy approaches, there is to date limited evidence about the links between these key development pillars. This article provides an analysis of the links between food security, sustainable peace and gender equality, by…

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Cash Transfer Programming in Armed Conflict: The ICRC’s Experience

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This report looks at the ICRC’s experience of using cash transfer programming (CTP) in armed conflict. The ICRC has increased its use of cash and vouchers in recent years and is very encouraged by the clear benefits of cash transfer programming in certain situations. The ICRC is enthusiastic about the benefits of CTP and realistic…

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Fuel Efficient Stoves: Field Testing and Assessment of Local Production in the Bentiu Protection of Civilians Site, South Sudan

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In 2017 the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in South Sudan conducted a survey on fuelefficient stoves and methods of their use and production. The survey and testing was set against a backdrop of continued crisis in South Sudan which has caused over 270,000 internally displaced persons to seek protection in displacement sites in proximity…

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Cash-based programming in South Sudan

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This rapid review provides a synthesis of evaluations and learning reviews of cash-based programming in South Sudan. There is evidence that in South Sudan the cash-based programming help poor households address food needs and nutrition; and by injecting funds from vouchers, paid work, or grants into the local economy affect local markets. These cash based…

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Wartime Trade and the Reshaping of Power in South Sudan: Learning from the Market of Mayen Rual

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During war, geographies of economic and political power are often recast by shifting patterns of trade and population movements. This can present an opportunity for local leaders to reshape legal and moral logics to attract trade and people to areas under their control. But these shifts can also create ambiguities and tensions that extend into…

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Housing, Land and Property, Aid and Conflict in South Sudan

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South Sudan is characterised by mass, continued and repeated displacement. Against this backdrop, the January 2017 announcement of 32 states demarcated partly along ethnic lines spelt immediate concerns for returns and relocations. Occupation of land following displacement of local populations has further complicated the picture, as have government decisions to demarcate empty or occupied land…

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Land and Conflict: Lessons from The Field on Conflict Sensitive Land Governance and Peacebuilding

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Land is often a critical aspect of conflict: it may be a root cause or trigger conflicts or may become an issue as the conflict progresses. Conflicts lead to forced evictions; the people who are displaced by conflict need somewhere to live and some land to farm or to graze their animals, often leading to…

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Kenya’s Crackdown on the South Sudanese

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Like the rest of the world, South Sudanese in Kenya were shocked when the Kenyan police started storming their residences, arresting and detaining many of them in police center in Nairobi, Nakuru, Lodwar, Eldoret, and Nyeri, among others. This came following a strongly worded statement by Kenya’s Cabinet Secretary for the Interior, Fred Matiangi, concerning…

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Conflict and Hunger: The Lived Experience of Conflict and Food Insecurity in South Sudan

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As the global community strives to achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 2) of ending hunger, progress is being fundamentally undermined by conflict. This report seeks to understand: i) how conflict affects different individuals’, groups’ and communities’ experience of hunger and food insecurity differently; ii) the different mechanisms by which conflict affects food security across the…

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Constraints and Complexities of Information Analysis in Humanitarian Emergencies: Evidence from South Sudan

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South Sudan, in the midst of conflict since 2011, is facing one of the world’s most challenging humanitarian operations. Further, the vastness of the country, the dispersed population, and the limits on transportation and telecommunications services make it difficult to gather and analyze data. South Sudan uses the Integrated Phase Classification system(IPC) to determine the…

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Eliciting Accurate Responses to Consumption Questions among IDPs in South Sudan Using “Honesty Primes”

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Misreporting is a well-known challenge for researchers in social sciences. This issue is especially prevalent if incentives for misreporting exist, for example, to claim certain benefits or hide illegal behavior. Internally displaced persons are a population that is highly dependent on aid receipts and, thus, have strong incentives to underreport consumption levels. To improve reporting…

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