Grid View
Clear all

Taxonomy results for: Conflict

Monitoring the scenarios for South Sudan in 2020: Peace the only thing worth pursuing

|
|
|
|
|
|

The report “Monitoring the Scenarios for South Sudan in 2020: Peace the only thing worth pursuing” updates developments in South Sudan based on a 2016 analysis of five possible scenarios for the country. Written by a group of concerned citizens in South Sudan the report warns that the situation in the country is likely to…

Read More

Japan’s international peace operations in South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

After the independence of South Sudan from Sudan on 9 July 2011, the Japanese government decided to dispatch its Self-Defence Forces (SDF) to South Sudan under the auspices of the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS). Despite the post-conflict military clashes in South Sudan, the Japanese government did not withdraw the…

Read More

No Safe Place: A Lifetime of Violence for conflict-affected Women and Girls in South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

As part of the What Works to Prevent Violence against Women and Girls consortium, the International Rescue Committee (IRC), the Global Women’s Institute at the George Washington University (GWI) and CARE International UK sought to obtain rigorous data on the prevalence, forms, and drivers of VAWG in South Sudan. The study used quantitative and qualitative…

Read More

The Religious Framing of the South Sudanese Civil Wars: The Enduring Legacy of Ngundeng’s Prophecy

|
|
|
|
|
|

This artcile discusses how a religious idea informed the political behaviour of South Sudanese leaders in the context of civil wars and the associated bitter contest for leadership. The prophecy which is invoked in the leadership contest in South Sudan is the prophecy of the 19th century Nuer prophet, Ngundeng Bong believed to predicted the…

Read More

Applying the HIPPO Recommendations to South Sudan: Toward Strategic, Prioritized, and Sequenced Mandates

|
|
|
|
|
|

Over the past year, political and military actors and agendas in South Sudan have increasingly fragmented, and the political process has stalled. These developments have undermined the security of civilians, the stability of the country, the humanitarian situation, and the viability of efforts to pursue sustainable peace. The population’s mistrust toward international actors has further…

Read More

The Revitalization of the ARCSS and the Prospects for Peace in South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

This policy paper evaluates the prospects of peace in South Sudan within the context of the recently proposed revitalization process of the 2015 political pact. The paper broadly argues that the revitalization process is important, but it must contend with factors that led to the collapse of the original agreement. Highlighting this, the brief discusses…

Read More

Starving Out the Enemy: Withholding food aid as a tactic of war in South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

South Sudan has been at the heart of a relentless civil war for more than 30 years, but its ongoing violence has recently reached a level of unprecedented severity. As armed insurgents continue to clash with the government’s military forces, thousands of civilians have lost their lives and millions remain displaced. Earlier this year, the…

Read More

Contextualised conflict sensitivity guidance for South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

Humanitarian or development assistance delivered in complex, highly contested and conflict-affected contexts such as South Sudan will inevitably impact on conflict dynamics. These may be positive or negative, direct or indirect, intentional or unintended. Conflict sensitivity is an approach that helps humanitarian and development actors maximise the potential positive, and minimise any potential negative impacts…

Read More

“The dead are just to drink from”: recycling ideas of revenge amongst the western Dinka, South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

Governments in South Sudan have long built their authority on their ability to fashion changing regimes of revenge and compensation, war and peace. Governments’ capture of these regimes has resulted in the secularisation of compensation despite the ongoing spiritual consequences of lethal violence. This article explores these issues by focusing on the western Dinka of…

Read More

The Significance of US Ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley’s Visits to South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

On October 25th, 2017, the United States Ambassador to the United Nations, Nikki Haley, visited Juba, South Sudan, as part of the first most high-profile tour of Africa by a senior US official since Donald J. Trump became President of the United States of America. The visit covered Ethiopia, South Sudan, and the Democratic Republic of…

Read More

Jungle Chronicles and Other Writings: Recollections of a South Sudanese

|
|
|
|
|
|

Sudan from which South Sudan split in 2011 has been known for its years of political and social upheaval since the end of the British colonial rule. The two countries are intimately linked to one another by their history that anyone writing about what has become known as the Sudans cannot hope to provide a…

Read More

South Sudan: A Political Economy Analysis

|
|
|
|
|
|

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the current state of South Sudan. A main argument is that its political economy is fundamentally atypical: achieving independence in 2011 and dissolving into renewed civil war in 2013, South Sudan is suffering the crisis of a weak, neo-patrimonial guerrilla government, with fragmented military-political systems that stretch across…

Read More

Isolation and Endurance: Riek Machar and the SPLM-IO in 2016–17

|
|
|
|
|
|

This study follows on from an earlier Small Arms Survey paper by the author (Young, 2015). It begins where the earlier paper left off with the signing of the ARCSS and ends with the first anniversary of the agreement’s collapse in July 2017. Like the earlier study, this research is based on many visits by…

Read More

From London to Juba, a UK-registered company’s role in one of the largest arms deals to South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

This report documents a complex multi-million dollar arms deal involving entities in the UK, Ukraine and the United Arab Emirates. While outlining the obligations of Ukraine and UAE to prevent irresponsible arms transfers, the report focuses on the role of a UK ‘front’ or ‘shell’ company, whose name was found on contract documents and an…

Read More

The end of famine? Prospects for the elimination of mass starvation by political action

|
|
|
|
|
|

After a long-term decline in the frequency and lethality of famines, 2017 has witnessed resurgent international concern over the issue. This paper examines the trends in famine over the last 150 years, with particular attention to the fusion of famine with forcible mass starvation. It identifies four main historic periods of famines, namely: the zenith…

Read More

Responding to Refugee Crises – Lessons from Evaluations in South Sudan as a Country of Origin

|
|
|
|
|
|

South Sudan became an independent state in 2011, separating from Sudan following decades of armed conflict. High hopes for South Sudan’s future were soon dashed when fighting broke out in December 2013, and optimism regarding South Sudan’s prospect for peace has now faded. The country is currently facing famine, ongoing conflict, persistent ethnic tensions and…

Read More

Land Disputes in Urban and Peri-Urban South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|
|

This report presents the findings from a survey of land-related disputes in urban and peri-urban areas of South Sudan. From November to December 2016, the South Sudan Law Society (SSLS), in partnership with Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) and the State Land Alliances (SLA), interviewed 942 individuals in ten locations across the country. Findings from this…

Read More

South Sudan’s stalled Peace Process Security arrangements in need of adjustment

|
|
|
|
|
|

According to the largely stalled Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) of 2015, a key component of the transitional security arrangement is the establishment of cantonment sites where fighters assemble to await disarmament, demobilization or force integration. The cantonment process was supposed to start soon after the signing of the agreement, but due…

Read More

Double-edged Sword: Vigilantes in African Counter-insurgencies

|
|
|
|
|
|

Vigilante groups have been successful in providing local security. But subcontracting security functions to vigilante groups for counter-insurgency purposes is a dangerous option for fragile African states. African leaders should set clear objectives and mandates when enlisting vigilantes and invest in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programs. Drawing on four illustrative cases – Sierra Leone, Uganda’s…

Read More

Non-Refoulement in the Context of Internal Displacement: The Case of IDPs in South Sudan’s Protection of Civilians Sites

|
|
|
|
|
|

The principle of non-refoulement is often regarded as being exclusively applicable in contexts of international cross-border displacement. But while the term refoulement did indeed gain recognition through its inclusion in the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, similar concepts can be found in a far more diverse set of legal frameworks whose protection…

Read More
CSRF SOUTH SUDAN