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Policy and Practice Summary: In it for the long haul? Lessons on peacebuilding in South Sudan

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This policy and practice summary accompanies a longer report which identifies overarching lessons contributing to the effectiveness of peacebuilding in South Sudan. It aims to provide some guidance for those wishing to understand or support peacebuilding in South Sudan, particularly donor agencies and practitioners within the peacebuilding sector.

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In it for the long haul? Lessons on peacebuilding in South Sudan

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This report analyses approaches to conflict transformation and peacebuilding in South Sudan. It identifies overarching lessons from outside South Sudan, from the country’s own history, and based on the wisdom of local peacebuilders, long-term practitioners and citizens affected by their work. The reports outlines ten lessons or principles which provide some guidance to those who…

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Generating Sustainable Livelihoods and Leadership for Peace in South Sudan: Lessons from the Ground

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The Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Town, South Africa, is implementing a five-year project (September 2016–August 2021) on “Generating Sustainable Livelihoods and Leadership for Peace in South Sudan” as part of a consortium of three organisations, also including the Agency for Cooperation and Research in Development (ACORD) and DanChurchAid (DCA). The long-term goal of…

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The Roots of Restraint in War

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The Roots of Restraint in War is an update of the 2004 Roots of Behaviour in War. Based on two years of research collaboration between the ICRC and six distinguished scholars, the report identifies sources of influence on various types of armed forces and armed groups, ranging from those with a highly decentralized structure to…

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Politics, Power and Chiefship in Famine and War: A study of the former Northern Bahr el-Ghazal state, South Sudan

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South Sudan’s civil war has spread across the country, fuelling economic collapse and food shortages, and sending millions of residents fleeing across its borders. Although the former Northern Bahr el-Ghazal State has escaped the worst excesses of the current conflict—in part because it is a supposed heartland of South Sudan’s ruling politicalmilitary elites—it is also…

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Handle with Care! A Qualitative Comparison of the Fragile States Index’s Bottom Three Countries: Central African Republic, Somalia and South Sudan, Central African Republic, Somalia and South Sudan

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For the past four years, the Fund for Peace has ranked the Central African Republic, Somalia and South Sudan as the ‘most fragile states’ in the world, in its annual Fragile States Index (FSI). The three countries’ almost identical scores suggest comparability; however, critics raise concerns about the FSI’s data aggregation methods, and its conflation…

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Adolescent Girls in crisis: Voices from South Sudan

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In the last 5 years, the conflict in South Sudan has displaced 4 million people and placed 7 million in need of humanitarian assistance. Everyone concerned has had their lives torn apart with adolescent girls suffering worst. Their physical safety, their health and their future prospects are all threatened in ways that differ from the…

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Politics, Power and Chiefship in Famine and War: A study of the former Northern Bahr el-Ghazal state, South Sudan

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South Sudan’s civil war has spread across the country, fuelling economic collapse and food shortages, and sending millions of residents fleeing across its borders. Although the former Northern Bahr el-Ghazal State has escaped the worst excesses of the current conflict—in part because it is a supposed heartland of South Sudan’s ruling politicalmilitary elites—it is also…

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Protection of Civilians and Political Strategies

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The 2015 UN High-Level Independent Panel on Peace Operations (HIPPO) stressed two major themes that Secretary-General António Guterres continues to focus on: first, the primacy of politics in peacekeeping, which he raised in his September 2017 remarks at the Security Council open debate on peacekeeping; and second, the core obligation of peacekeepers and the entire…

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Displacement, Access, and Conflict in South Sudan: A Longitudinal Perspective

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Contemporary debates about humanitarianism in South Sudan focus on the pressing problems of the present, with access issues and violence against humanitarians understandably at the forefront of donor and humanitarian concerns. While valuable and comprehensible, this focus on the present has meant that the ways in which aid shapes conflict in the long term have…

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Climate Change and Conflicts in South Sudan

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South Sudan has experienced decades of protracted conflicts, some of which might have been caused in part or exacerbated by climate change and variability. Climate change causes scarcity of resources and forces communities to raid their neighbors or migrate to a new area to look for opportunities, which brings new arrivals into competition with the…

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Humanitarianism as buffer: displacement, aid and the politics of belonging in Abyei, Sudan/South Sudan

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This article explores how the humanitarian presence and programs in the disputed border area of Abyei between Sudan and South Sudan can be understood as a buffer between conflicting parties, rather than as mere assistance to a displaced population. It aims to contribute to debates about the spatial impact of humanitarian governance and the politicization…

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South Sudan: The Untold Story from Independence to Civil War

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In July 2011, South Sudan was granted independence and became the world’s newest country. Yet just two-and-a-half years after this momentous decision, the country was in the grips of renewed civil war and political strife. Hilde F. Johnson served as Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Mission in the Republic…

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The Conundrum of DDR Coordination: The Case of South Sudan

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This article analyses the nature of coordination between the various stakeholders during the design and implementation of a disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration (DDR) process. It makes detailed reference to the contemporary DDR programme in South Sudan as this African country is a relevant example of significant international and local efforts to facilitate DDR coordination in…

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Cash-based Programmes and Conflict: Key areas of interaction and options for conflict-sensitive programming in South Sudan

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This research was conducted by Dr. Edward Thomas, Ranga Gworo of the Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility (CSRF) and Kiden Grace Wani of the World Food Programme (WFP) in February and March 2018, and funded by the UK, Swiss, Canadian and Netherlands Donor Missions in South Sudan. Cash-based programmes can help poor households address food insecurity,…

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Findings around cash-based programmes and conflict

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This briefing paper is based on research conducted by the Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility (CSRF) in February and March 2018, and funded by the UK, Switzerland, Canada and the Netherlands. The full report can be found on the CSRF Research Repository. Cash-based programmes are changing the way aid works in South Sudan. Conditional and unconditional…

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“Everyone and Everything Is a Target”: The Impact on Children of Attacks on Health Care and Denial of Humanitarian Access in South Sudan

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April 2018 – “Everyone and Everything Is a Target” The Impact on Children of Attacks on Health Care and Denial of Humanitarian Access in South Sudan was launched in New York on April 23, 2018, and highlights how the targeting of medical facilities and personnel and denial of humanitarian access in 2016 and 2017 has had devastating…

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A Poisoned Well: Lessons in Mediation from South Sudan’s Troubled Peace Process

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This paper examines the IGAD-led peace process for South Sudan from 2013 to 2015. Viewed through a prism of mediation best practice, it is a critical assessment of the attempt to negotiate a settlement of the conflict and a distillation of lessons learned. While singular conclusions are hard to draw, the paper concludes that the…

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“Now the Forest is Blocked”: Shocks and Access to Food

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In January 2018, an estimated 48% of the population remaining within South Sudan was classified as severely food insecure (over 5 million individuals) under the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC). To provide humanitarians in South Sudan with a better understanding of Famine risk in South Sudan, REACH gathered information on recent and historical experiences…

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Youth perspectives on peace and security: South Sudan

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In South Sudan, many young people understand the need for them to participate in peacebuilding, but often lack the capacity and resources to take action. Conciliation Resources carried out a study to capture the voices of over 100 young people in the context of on-going civil war in the country. This report documents their thoughts…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN