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Taxonomy results for: Conflict

The Politics of Humanitarianism: Perspectives from South Sudan

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South Sudan has for forty years been a crucible of experimentation in the field of humanitarianism in situations of conflict. Humanitarian operations have been critical in saving lives, providing essential medical care, documenting the plight of South Sudan’s people, and connecting South Sudanese with the international community. South Sudanese and foreign humanitarians have shown courage,…

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Resilient and Self-reliant Life: South Sudanese Refugees Imagining Futures in the Adjumani Refugee Setting, Uganda

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Resilience and self-reliance have become central in humanitarian responses to refugee situations. Based on a two-year longitudinal qualitative study, this article explores how South Sudanese refugee youngsters in Uganda imagine and act towards their futures, and questions what resilience and self-reliance can mean in the temporary space of the refugee camp. Youngsters need to become…

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Cash Transfer Programming in Armed Conflict: The ICRC’s Experience

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This report looks at the ICRC’s experience of using cash transfer programming (CTP) in armed conflict. The ICRC has increased its use of cash and vouchers in recent years and is very encouraged by the clear benefits of cash transfer programming in certain situations. The ICRC is enthusiastic about the benefits of CTP and realistic…

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Factors associated with common mental health problems of humanitarian workers in South Sudan

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The latest data on major attacks against civilian aid operations have identified South Sudan as the most dangerous country for aid workers globally. Exposure to other traumatic events and chronic the latest data on major attacks against civilian aid operations have identified South Sudan as the most dangerous country for aid workers globally. This study…

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Fuel Efficient Stoves: Field Testing and Assessment of Local Production in the Bentiu Protection of Civilians Site, South Sudan

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In 2017 the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in South Sudan conducted a survey on fuelefficient stoves and methods of their use and production. The survey and testing was set against a backdrop of continued crisis in South Sudan which has caused over 270,000 internally displaced persons to seek protection in displacement sites in proximity…

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The state of humanitarian journalism

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In this report which also refers to South Sudan the authors present some of the findings of their four year, global research project into the state of humanitarian journalism around the world. They ask, Which news organisations regularly report on humanitarian affairs? How are they funded, and what ethical problems or professional dilemmas does this…

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Religion, Governance, and the ‘Peace–Humanitarian–Development Nexus’ in South Sudan

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This chapter highlights practices in the wider peacebuilding field that seek similar outcomes as UN peace operations or otherwise affect the background conditions necessary for their success. It treats South Sudan as an illustrative case study that uniquely reflects processes that shape and regulate sites of conflict, chronic emergency, and limited statehood across postcolonial sub-Saharan…

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Protection of Civilians in the United Nations: A Peacekeeping Illusion?

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This chapter provides an overview of the implementation of POC mandates in UN peace operations, drawing on Hilde Johnson’s experience from the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) between 2011 and 2014 as Special Representative and Head of Mission. UNMISS had a broad POC-mandate, covering both military, police and civilian components. The author will start…

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A Rope from the Sky: The Making and Unmaking of the World’s Newest State

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The euphoric birth of South Sudan was celebrated around the world – a triumph for global justice and a sign that one of the world’s most devastating wars was finally over. But the party would not last; the Republic’s freedom-fighters soon plunged their new nation back into chaos, shattering the promise of liberation and exposing…

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A second chance to deliver peace through powersharing: A comparative analysis of South Sudan peace agreements

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After several months of political and diplomatic shuttling by mediators, South Sudan finally has a peace deal. Broadly, the new agreement recognises the evolution of the conflict and no longer considers the civil war as binary duel between the two protagonists but rather as involving many actors. It also accepts that Uganda and Sudan, the…

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Dehumanization amidst massacres: An examination of Dinka-Nuer intergroup attitudes in South Sudan

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Previous research on dehumanization has been conducted primarily in Western contexts, and outside of periods of ongoing and highly violent conflict. The present study, in contrast, examines grassroots-level dehumanization between South Sudan’s two largest ethnic groups—Dinka and Nuer—during an episode of extreme interethnic violence. Using a mixed-methods approach we study levels of dehumanization and how…

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Peace is the Name of Our Cattle-Camp: Local responses to conflict in Eastern Lakes State, South Sudan

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Following the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) and the subsequent independence of South Sudan in 2011, many agro-pastoralist and pastoralist areas of the country have experienced an upsurge of livestock raiding, counter raiding and cycles of revenge killing. Eastern Lakes State, in contrast to its neighbor, Western Lakes State, is an exception. Since 2011, there…

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Wartime Trade and the Reshaping of Power in South Sudan: Learning from the Market of Mayen Rual

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During war, geographies of economic and political power are often recast by shifting patterns of trade and population movements. This can present an opportunity for local leaders to reshape legal and moral logics to attract trade and people to areas under their control. But these shifts can also create ambiguities and tensions that extend into…

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Intersections of violence against women and girls with state-building and peace-building: Lessons from Nepal, Sierra Leone and South Sudan

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This study, conducted as part of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls (VAWG) in Conflict and Humanitarian Crises programme funded by the UK government, explores how programmes and policies to prevent and respond to VAWG have been integrated and addressed within post-conflict state-building policy and programming; and how, in conflict-affected countries,…

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Housing, Land and Property, Aid and Conflict in South Sudan

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South Sudan is characterised by mass, continued and repeated displacement. Against this backdrop, the January 2017 announcement of 32 states demarcated partly along ethnic lines spelt immediate concerns for returns and relocations. Occupation of land following displacement of local populations has further complicated the picture, as have government decisions to demarcate empty or occupied land…

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Children and armed conflict in South Sudan – Report of the Secretary General (S/2018/865)

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The present report, submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 1612 (2005) and subsequent resolutions, is the second report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in South Sudan. It contains information on the six grave violations against children that occurred between 1 October 2014 and 30 June 2018, the context in which they took…

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Estimates of crisis-attributable mortality in South Sudan, December 2013- April 2018: A statistical analysis

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The conflict in South Sudan has likely led to nearly 400,000 excess deaths in the country’s population since it began in 2013, with around half of the lives lost estimated to be through violence, according to a major new report by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. Most of the death toll occurred…

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First Raise a Flag: How South Sudan won the longest war but lost the peace

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When South Sudan’s war began, the Beatles were playing their first hits and reaching the moon was an astronaut’s dream. Half a century later, with millions massacred in Africa’s longest war, the continent’s biggest country split in two. It was an extraordinary, unprecedented experiment. Many have fought, but South Sudan did the impossible, and won.…

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South Sudan: The dilemma of a protracted social conflict

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This study examined the conflict in South Sudan, which started in December 2013 due to political dissatisfaction between President Salva Kiir and his then Vice President Riek Machar. When South Sudan got independence in 2011 through a referendum where more-than 98 percent of the population supported secession from Sudan, the country became a case study…

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South Sudan’s Civil War and Conflict Dynamics in the Red Sea

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The five-year-old civil war in South Sudan is an unparalleled humanitarian and security crisis, causing the largest exodus of refugees on the African continent since the Rwandan genocide and leaving over a third of the population displaced and two-thirds severely food insecure. Beyond the human toll on South Sudan’s long-suffering citizens, the country’s unraveling underscores…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN