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The Role of the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) in Protecting Civilians

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The protection of civilians (PoC) mandate of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), was established in 2011, coinciding with the country’s independence. Since then, the public discourse on UNMISS has called into question the capacity of the mission to fully meet the expectations created by this mandate in practice. In this chapter the…

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Malakal Protection of Civilian Intention Perception Survey Report

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Malakal County’s population was estimated at 126,500 individuals during the 2008 census but was estimated to have grown in subsequent years before conflict erupted, with Malakal Town considered the second largest city in South Sudan prior to the 2013 conflict. According to a head-count conducted by IOM in February 2018, the population at the time…

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THE FUTURE OF PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS SITES: Protecting displaced people after South Sudan’s peace deal

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This memo addresses the future of the nearly 200,000 residents of the Protection of Civilians Sites (POCS) in South Sudan in the context of the implementation of the current peace agreement which envisages the closure of the POCS and the return of the residents to their former homes. The authors draw attention to the changing…

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“We need good nutrition but we have no money to buy food”: sociocultural context, care experiences, and newborn health in two UNHCR-supported camps in South Sudan

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Background: Determinants of newborn health and survival exist across the reproductive life cycle, with many sociocultural and contextual factors influencing outcomes beyond the availability of, and access to, quality health services. In order to better understand key needs and opportunities to improve newborn health in refugee camp settings, we conducted a multi-methods qualitative study of…

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Vegetation monitoring in refugee-hosting areas in South Sudan

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Mass population displacements put additional stress on the ecosystems and often lead to conflicts with the host communities, especially in the case of large refugee or Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camps. Therefore, there is need for the assessment of environmental impacts and, based on this, the sustainable management of natural resources between host and refugee…

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The role of livestock in refugee–host community relations

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In South Sudan, tensions arose when refugees arrived with their livestock, disrupting the existing relationships between the local population and nomadic peoples. Understanding the relations between all three groups of people and their livestock was key to finding solutions. The Republic of South Sudan became the world’s newest country in July 2011, separating from Sudan…

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Congestion in the Malakal Protection of Civilian (PoC) Site, South Sudan

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At the time of writing in March 2017, the lack of physical humanitarian space in the PoC is having a major impact on service access with congestion cutting across and linking the different problems faced in the difference sectors. At the same time, overcrowding is increasing the dependency of people on UNMISS and humanitarian agencies,…

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Report of the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan (A/HRC/37/CRP.2)

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In its resolution 31/20 of 23 March 2016, the Human Rights Council established the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan for a period of one year, and requested the Commission to, inter alia, monitor and report on the situation of human rights in South Sudan to make recommendations for its improvement, and to assess…

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Remembering the Ones We Lost

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Remembering The Ones We Lost is a public memorial that aims to name all victims of conflict and armed violence in South Sudan.

This initiative hopes to bring attention to the shared suffering, give additional meaning to cries for peace and be a tool for understanding and reconciliation amongst South Sudanese individuals and communities.

As such, the website allows individuals and communities to provide the names of people killed in armed conflicts through filling of the testimonial form via email, SMS and twitter. The project compiles the names of all people who have died in armed struggle since 1955 to-date and generalized armed violence.

You can participate in the project by visiting the project website and submitting the name of someone who is lost and/or by offering a memorial tribute.

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It takes a village to raise a militia: local politics, the Nuer White Army, and South Sudan’s civil wars

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Why does South Sudan continue to experience endemic, low intensity conflicts punctuated by catastrophic civil wars? Reporters and analysts often mischaracterise conflicts in the young country of South Sudan as products of divisive ‘tribal’ or ‘ethnic’ rivalries and political competition over oil wealth. More nuanced analyses by regional experts have focused almost exclusively on infighting…

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Popular Struggles and Elite Co-optation: The Nuer White Army in South Sudan’s Civil War

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This document reviews the literature on the history, organization, and operation of the white army in the context of the civil war that erupted in December 2013. Based on interviews with white army members, it seeks to understand their motivation, their understanding of the civil war and the peace agreement and what they want for…

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Masraa Ta Shaab/Citizen Theatre

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Citizen Theatre is building a national network of theatre groups, through its work with secondary school students and youth groups:

  • Training and Network-building: Citizen Theatre technique and establishing theatre clubs and groups
  • Community Forums: Trained youth perform Forum Theatre in the community to generate dialogue about local issues
  • Production of Forum Theatre Festivals
  • Production and dissemination of radio series using Forum Theatre models.

From Bor to Wau, Juba to Bentiu,Terekeka to Torit, young people bring up the same key issues through Forum Theatre: Corruption, early marriage, alchoholism, tribalism and cattle raiding. The activity allows youth to come together and create a rare space for dialogue and action-planning.

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Cross-border peace markets, 1990-2005

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In 1990-1991, following years of devastating conflict and displacement in the border regions, a number of border communities from both sides of the conflict lines came together and agreed rules for trade and peaceful livestock migration. The agreements tended to have the following characteristics:

  • A civilian managed and weapon-free joint market.
  • A security guarantee from local military authorities.
  • A Joint-Border Court composed of senior traditional leaders from all communities, tasked with settling issues that arise involving members of different communities.

The initiative was fully led and owned by communities and demonstrates that when cross-line communities recognise their own mutual interests are stronger than those that divide them, it can be possible to cooperate and build strong relationships.

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200 peace activists trained by CNHPR

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This video is an interesting look at the vision for a national reconciliation and healing process just before the outbreak of wider conflict in December 2013. “On 25 November 2012, a public announcement of ‘a first-ever comprehensive peace and national reconciliation conference to try and heal the mental wounds that have visibly divided … communities…

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Traditional Nuer Culture

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This video provides an intimate look inside daily life for a Nuer community. “The Nuer (Naath) people in South Sudan are one of the largest ethnic groups in the northeastern Africa which stretches from Egypt for 2000 km and westward from the Red Sea for 1500km. They are the second largest tribe in South Sudan,…

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Women of South Sudan

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This video gives voice to women affected by the conflict in South Sudan since 2013. The contributors discuss the impact of the war and the involvement of women in the peace process. South Sudan’s peace agreement signed in August was meant to end a 21-month-old civil war that has left thousands dead and many more…

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“Our Hearts Have Gone Dark” The Mental Health Impact of South Sudan’s Conflict

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This report describes the serious mental health impact of South Sudan’s conflict in order to highlight the urgency for more attention, and resources, to improve the availability, accessibility, and quality of mental health services in the country. It is based on interviews with 161 internally displaced South Sudanese and with government and UN officials, donors,…

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Cross Border Peace Markets, 2005-present

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The series’ curriculum focuses on three main goals, identified by local experts as critical to building peace in South Sudan.

  • To promote peaceful co-existence among South Sudanese youth from different cultural and tribal orientations.
  • To create the foundations of peacebuilding by empowering South Sudanese youth to be accountable, independent and participatory citizens of society.
  • To promote peaceful and democratic growth in society by fostering an understanding of gender equality.

Throughout the radio drama we learn how the characters become peace builders in their communities. Youth are invited to share their thoughts and experiences online through the Sawa Shabab Facebook fan page as well as via Twitter (@SawaShabab) and via an SMS service.

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Transitional policing in South Sudan’s peace agreement: joint integrated police

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This briefing outlines some of the potential difficulties associated with the joint integrated police and some of the challenges the unit is likely to face in delivering security for communities. It is intended to inform those planning to support the joint integrated police and the security sector reform process in South Sudan going forward. Download

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN