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Sudan after Bashir: Regional opportunities and challenges

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Omar al-Bashir’s removal from power will have long-term effects on Sudan’s political future. Even though domestic considerations forced Bashir’s downfall, his extensive involvement in regional issues means his departure will resonate beyond the confines of Sudan’s borders. This report explores the regional implications of Bashir’s removal and the subsequent role of external actors in Sudan’s…

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Patterns of growth and inequality in Sudan, 1977-2017

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Most people date Sudan’s Islamist turn to 1983, when the decaying government of Jaafar Nimeiri began a controversial experiment with Islamic sharīca law, or to the Islamists’ National Salvation Revolution, led by Omar al-Bashir in 1989. But for Hasan al-Turabi, the leader of Sudan’s Islamist movement for most of its twentieth century existence, Sudan’s Islamist…

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The Fate of Sudan: The Origins and Consequences of a Flawed Peace Process

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Argues forcefully that the birth of the independent state of Southern Sudan and the threat of further dismemberment of a rump northern Sudan are due to the failure of the approaches and ideologies of the main Sudanese parties, as well as a deeply flawed US-backed peace process that excludes civil society and other rebel groups.…

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War of Visions Conflict of Identities in the Sudan

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The civil war that has intermittently raged in the Sudan since independence in 1956 is, according to Francis Deng, a conflict of contrasting and seemingly incompatible identities in the Northern and Southern parts of the country. Identity is seen as a function of how people identify themselves and are identified in racial, ethnic, cultural, linguistic,…

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Crude Calculations: The Continued Lack of Transparency Over Oil in Sudan

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This report examines the explanations of the oil production discrepancies provided by the Sudanese government and CNPC in more detail to see if they stand up to scrutiny, and also examines the transparency commitments made by the Sudanese government to see the extent to which they have been implemented. Download

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Sudan’s Oil Industry: On the Eve of the Referendum

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This report presents an overview of facts and trends in Sudan’s petroleum industry and highlights key challenges for the coming period after the independence of South Sudan. The aim is to make vital information about the industry publicly available, and to contribute towards a constructive dialogue between the country’s national and international stakeholders. Download

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Making Peace Impossible? Failure to Honour the Land Obligations of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Central Sudan

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This paper examines progress made on land-related provisions of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement of Sudan (CPA, 2005) with special reference to Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile States in central Sudan (known as ‘the contested areas’). Download

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Sudan’s Wars and Peace Agreements

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Originating from the 2008 27th annual conference of the Sudan Studies Association (SSA) of the same title, these essays document and analyze Sudan’s chronic history of armed conflict since independence in 1956 as well as its own and international efforts to bring an end to these conflicts. Link to publication

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Crude Days Ahead? Oil and the Resource Curse in Sudan

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This analysis of the political economy of oil in Sudan since 2005 finds that governance at national, regional, and local levels has largely failed to manage the damaging political and economic effects of the resource curse. Uncertainty surrounding Khartoum’s oil transfers to the South, negligence and corruption among the Southern elite, and the lack of…

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Electoral Designs: Proportionality, representation and constituency boundaries in Sudan’s 2010 elections

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A guide to Sudan’s electoral system – one of the most complex in the world – and its effects on the distribution of power. The report analyses government documents to reveal errors and ambiguities in the demarcation of electoral districts, and warns of the challenge these pose to the conduct of elections in April 2010.

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‘We Changed the Laws’: Electoral Practice and Malpractice in Sudan since 1953

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This article explores the history of elections by secret ballot in Sudan since the 1950s, and considers what lessons this history may offer in the run-up to the national elections planned under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. The article locates the repeated use of the secret ballot in Sudan in the context of a wider state-directed…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN