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Taxonomy results for: South(ern) Sudan

South Sudan Post-Independence Dilemmas

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South Sudan: Post-Independence Dilemmas is an interdisciplinary collection of essays which engages with the failure of the newest African State to transition itself successfully to a state and nation after its independence in July 2011. The contributors explore the prospects for new modes of politics capable of simultaneously healing and reconciling the divided communities while…

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Promoting Positive Environments for Women and Girls – Guidelines for Women and Girls Friendly Spaces in South Sudan

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The creation of ‘friendly spaces’ for women and girls has been a key strategy in the protection and empowerment of women and girls in South-Sudan since conflict re-erupted in the country in December 2013. This document provides guidance on the aims of these spaces, and how they can best be established and managed in the…

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South Sudan: Warring Parties Break Promises on Child Soldiers

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(Nairobi) – South Sudanese armed forces and armed opposition groups continue to recruit child soldiers and force them into the conflict, despite numerous commitments to stop, Human Rights Watch said today. The United Nations, the African Union (AU), the regional Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and their member states should immediately impose and enforce an arms embargo…

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Narrowing the Gap between Local and International Peacebuilding Efforts in South Sudan

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This briefing  critically reflects on the ongoing peacebuilding efforts in South Sudan and suggests to adequately considering the complexity of the conflict dynamics and to taking local peace building actors into account. Download  

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Preventing Mass Atrocities in Africa: The Case of the Two Sudans

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This chapter argues that preventing mass atrocities in Africa requires addressing the root causes of conflicts. It focuses on the experience of Sudan–South Sudan, which is, in many ways, a microcosm of Africa. The chapter argues that a crisis of identity lies at the heart of conflicts in the two Sudans, reflecting their failure to…

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The refugee crisis response in Uganda: preliminary lessons

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In May 2017, Belgium started to fund the ACROPOLIS G4D research group, whose final objective is to publish, by October 2018, a green paper including principles, indicators and major steps to be taken towards building a Comprehensive Approach for Belgium Development Cooperation. As part of the research process, it was decided that two country case…

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Spoiler Alert: The African Union’s and IGAD ’s Contribution to South Sudan’s War

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Spoilers on the battlefield and in the negotiations process have completely undermined the search for peace in South Sudan. After numerous threats from the African Union and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the lack of any meaningful and escalating consequences for significant cease-fire violations and obstruction has emboldened spoilers on all sides and led…

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Exploring Linkages of Traditional and Formal Mechanism of Justice and Reconciliation in South Sudan

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South Sudan’s Initial transitional justice planning processes sought to engage communities on roles and viabilities of local justice in supporting transitional justice initiatives and mechanisms prescribed in the August 2015 Agreement. Nonetheless, the planning processes hit a snag, when the conflict reignited in July 2016. The working paper pursues the discussion about the role that…

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To Do No Harm: Humanitarian Aid in Conflict Demands Political Engagement

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Humanitarian aid in settings of conflict has always been fraught with challenges. In the absence of political engagement, however, manipulation by state authorities, however, have the potential to pervert aid intervention to inflict harm. South Sudan exemplifies how states may abuse the humanitarian response to retreat from public responsibility, divert funds to further violence and…

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South Sudan’s Renewable Energy Potential: A Building Block for Peace

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This report argues that a systemwide donor-driven transition to renewable energy—and specifically solar power—to support humanitarian programming is a viable way forward both now and over the longer term. Although such a transition alone will not end the conflict, it offers donors a more strategic alternative to the current practice. In the near term, a…

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Seeds of peace? Land reform and civil war recurrence following negotiated settlements

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Land reform has been depicted by some as an effective element of counterinsurgency strategy in nations experiencing peasant-based civil conflict. While some studies have argued that land reform reduces civilian support for insurgency, other research has demonstrated that these reforms are often undermined by brutal state repression. The study of land reform has also been…

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Conflict and Gender Study – South Sudan: Addressing Root Causes Programme

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Significant effort has already gone into studying how best to design a root cause fund programme – aimed at tackling the root causes of recurring cycles of conflict and fragile resilience – in order to maximize impact within what is an extremely difficult operating environment. As such, this Conflict & Gender Study aims to provide…

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Challenges and possible improvement of livestock sector in South Sudan

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South Sudan has agrıculture as one of the main contributors of her economy since the vast majority of the households engage in different agricultural activities. Among which is Livestock and it is mostly done on small scale. Cattle keepers are faced with challenges like political instability, civil conflicts, cattle raiding, Continuous uncontrolled pastoralism and poor…

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Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

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Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and Somalian refugees in Ethiopia. The risks of violent extremism in both populations are low and refugees play…

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“The system here isn’t on patients’ side”- perspectives of women and men on the barriers to accessing and utilizing maternal healthcare services in South Sudan

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In fragile and war-affected setting such as South Sudan, a combination of physical environmental, socioeconomic factors and healthcare’s characteristic contributes to higher rates of home delivery attended by unskilled attendants. This study aims to understand the community members’ experience, perceptions and the barriers in relation to accessing and utilizing maternal healthcare services in South Sudan.…

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Understanding the Cessation of Hostilities Agreements Violations in South Sudan

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December 15, 2017, marked 4 years of a political turmoil in an independent South Sudan. This has culminated in the country’s widespread insecurity, an unmatched humanitarian tragedy, and a heightening economic distress. This misery deepens as a host of efforts to stamp the instability continue to falter, one after another. Since 2014, several political settlements…

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Protection politics: Preventing illegal extraditions, refoulement and cross – border persecution in East Africa

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Following recent cases of abductions and extraditions in East Africa, a new policy paper by the International Refugee Rights Initiative (IRRI) seeks to clarify the key legal obligations of countries hosting foreign political opponents and opposition figures, and to urge governments to respect these obligations. Across East Africa the protection of politically active or politically…

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Successes and Shortfalls of European Union Common Security and Defence Policy Missions in Africa: Libya, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic

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This brief synthesises the IECEU project’s most essential findings on the effectiveness of European Union (EU) missions in four Africa countries: Libya, South Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR).1 It describes the main elements and impact of the EU missions in these countries, identifies key strategic and…

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‘That thing of human rights’: discourse, emergency assistance, and sexual violence in South Sudan’s current civil war

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One of the most widely covered aspects of the current conflict in South Sudan has been the use sexual violence by rival factions of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) and other armed groups. While this has had the positive effect of ensuring that sexual violence is an integral component of intervention strategies in the…

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Position Paper on a Peaceful Resolution to the Conflicts in South Sudan: The War must stop!

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This position paper seeks to provide a roadmap to help South Sudan political leaders and citizens engage in dialogue at multiple levels, while urging the regional and international communities to put pressure on the conflicting parties to end this senseless war. The principle approach, as set out in Rwanda in 2015, is the South Sudan…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN