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The Nile: Is It a Cure or a Blessing?

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The purpose of this paper is to analyse the water policies of the Nile riparian states and their attendant consequences, including economic, environmental and social crises. From a holistic theoretical standpoint, the paper explores the distribution, redistribution and utilisation of Nile water by Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan, and discusses their policies and strategies for further…

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Mission Not Yet Accomplished/ Managing Water Resources in the Nile River Basin

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The aim of this paper is to suggest policy measures that riparian countries could adopt to reduce tension over scarce water resources and facilitate effective, sustainable cooperation in the Nile basin for peace, development and benefit sharing. Link to publication

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Abandoning Abyei: Destruction and Displacement, May 2008

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This report attempts at understanding the events that followed from fighting between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A) in the politically disputed town of Abyei in May 2008, in which SAF and SAF supported militia also deliberately killed civilians and carried out massive looting and destruction of the town.

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Sudan: Where is the Comprehensive Peace Agreement Heading?

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This document summarizes a seminar on the CPA held at Chatham House on 23 November 2007. It strived to assess the obstacles to implementation and what should be done to overcome them; to anticipate risks of return to conflict and any mitigating steps that could be taken to avoid them; and to identify areas of…

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Why Abyei Matters – The Breaking Point of Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement?

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The article (2007) discusses the Abyei Area protocol – a separate protocal in the CPA signed in 2005 – and the impact of the failures of implementing it on the relations between the North and the South. Link to publication

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Emerging North–South Tensions and Prospects for a Return to War

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During celebrations commemorating the second anniversary of the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), Government of South Sudan (GoSS) President and Vice-President of the Republic Salva Kiir made clear that the agreement was facing a crisis and there was a growing risk of a return to war. In particular, he blamed Khartoum’s continuing support…

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The Impact of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the New Government of National Unity on Southern Sudan

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This report (2006) reviews the first six months of the National Unity Government that resulted from the CPA. It concludes the National Unity government has not yet provided the anticipated power sharing mechanisms and reform of legislation.

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The South Sudan Defence Force (SSDF): A challenge to the Sudan Peace Process

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This article (2004) attempts to analyse the emergence of the South Sudan Defence Force, classify its various components, identify its leaders and understand their concerns. Against this background it will also consider the implications that recent developments in the security sphere in southern Sudan hold for the prospects of peace. Download

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Addis Ababa Agreement: Was it Destined to Fail and Are There Lessons for the Current Sudan Peace Process?

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This article reviews the Addis Ababa Peace Agreement of 1972 and its implementation and considers the reasons why it failed. Based on the experience of the Addis Ababa Agreement, it tries to make a prognosis for successful implementation of a future comprehensive agreement. Download

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General Ibrahim Abboud’s Military Administration in the Sudan, 1958–1964: Implementation of the Programs of Islamization and Arabization in the Southern Sudan

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This article examines the history and effects of programes of Islamization and Arabization in the Southern Sudan, implemented by general Ibrahaim Abboud (1958-1964). Link to publication

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The Southern Sudan Today

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In the early 1960s there was a growing movement among the people of the Southern Sudan to break away from the Sudan Republic, caused by their oppression and exploitation at the hands of the Government. To understand what was happening, this article (1963) provides a short account of the historical background, and of the political…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN