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The spillover effect of South Sudan in Gambella

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The article examines how the South Sudanese civil war has impacted the social and political landscape of Gambella, Ethiopia’s western region with strong social, economic and political ties with South Sudan. The simmering political tension in the newly independent South Sudan exploded in December 2013 when forces loyal to the government led by President Salva…

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The 14 Mile Area

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This article provides an account of developments evolving around the 14-Mile Area in 2014. Located between Northern Bahr el Ghazal and East Darfur, the area is an ongoing topic for dispute, primarily between the Malual Dinka and the Rizeigat from East Darfur. Link to publication

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Political violence and the emergence of the dispute over Abyei, Sudan, 1950–1983

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The question of the future status of Abyei remains a deeply contested issue between Sudan and the independent South Sudan. The connection between the political violence in Abyei and eruption of the two civil wars in Sudan is sparsely documented, but this history reveals the character of the Abyei problem. This article provides an analysis…

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Local Peace Processes in Sudan and South Sudan

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The re-eruption of political violence in South Sudan in late 2013 has not only inflamed long-standing and unresolved local grievances but also highlights the critical need to improve the impact and sustainability of local peace processes in any region. This report is informed by analysis from conflict resolution training workshops sponsored by the United States Institute of Peace (USI P) as well as consultations, dialogues, meetings, and interviews conducted across Sudan and South Sudan from 2005 through 2010.

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The New Kings of Crude: China, India, and the Global Struggle for Oil in Sudan and South Sudan

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The need for oil in Asia’s new industrial powers, China and India, has grown dramatically. The New Kings of Crude takes the reader from the dusty streets of an African capital to Asia’s glistening corporate towers to provide a first look at how the world’s rising economies established new international oil empires in Sudan, amid one of…

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A Poisonous Thorn in Our Hearts: Sudan and South Sudan’s Bitter and Incomplete Divorce

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What happened after Africa’s biggest country split in two? When South Sudan ran up its flag in July 2011, two new nations came into being. In South Sudan a former rebel movement faces colossal challenges in building a new country. At independence it was one of the least developed places on earth, after decades of…

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South Sudan: From Revolution to Independence

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In July 2011 the Republic of South Sudan achieved independence, concluding what had been Africa’s longest running civil war. The process leading to independence was driven by the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement, a primarily Southern rebel force and political movement intent on bringing about the reformed unity of the whole Sudan. Through the Comprehensive Peace…

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Trading with Neighbours: Understanding Uganda–South Sudan business community trade relations

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International Alert’s report, Trading with neighbours, examines the realities of trade relations between business communities in Uganda and South Sudan. The report provides targeted recommendations to business and traders associations, civil society, the governments of Uganda and South Sudan, financial institutions and the media aimed at remedying these adverse trade issues and practices, in an…

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Following the Thread: Arms and Ammunition Tracing in Sudan and South Sudan

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This report provides an overview of the Small Arms Survey’s Human Security Baseline Assessment findings with regard to the types of weapons observed in Sudan and South Sudan, their country of manufacture, and patterns of holdings among different actors that are indicative of common supply sources. Download

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Conflict in South Sudan: Refugees seek protection in Uganda and a way home

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Based on 55 interviews conducted with recently arrived refugees from South Sudan and Ugandan government officials, this report explores not only the immediate predicament facing these recently arrived refugees, but also the longer-term implications for peace and security in South Sudan, as reflected in their understanding of the conflict. Download

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Mapping Conflict Motives: the Sudan – South Sudan border

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This report analyses the conflict dynamics in the wider border area between Sudan and South Sudan. The analysis specifically looks into the motivations and interests of the parties involved in the interstate, intrastate and local conflicts. The main questions this report will cover are: Where are conflict parties focussing their efforts? Which strategic interests do…

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After the Split: Post-Secession Negotiations between South Sudan and Sudan

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This report analyses how South Sudan’s newly won sovereignty has affected the two parties’ relative strength and the positioning of external actors involved in or following the negotiations, and how it has changed the parties’ approaches to the outstanding issues, i.e. oil wealth, the delineation of the border, security in the border areas and the…

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New Sudan or South Sudan? The Multiple Meanings of Self-Determination in Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

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Examining the experiences of the South since Sudan’s independence, this article analyses why the choice of ‘unity’ became an unrealistic option for South Sudanese. Stressing that self-determination for the South was the only way to resolve Sudan’s long-standing national crisis, this article points out, at the same time, that it left unresolved the issue of…

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Dividing Lines: Grazing and Conflict along the Sudan–South Sudan Border

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This paper explores how the emergence of a national border has affected the communities in the region, based on five case studies primarily through the lens of the 2011-2012 grazing season, the first since South Sudan’s independence. Download

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South Sudan: A Study on Competitiveness and Cross Border Trade with Neighbouring Countries

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The study assessed the competitiveness of the South Sudanese economy in terms of export performance. The goal is to provide an analytical foundation for the development of policy recommendations with a view to enhancing the export competitiveness of the country and the overall regional benefit of trade. It is envisaged that as the country develops,…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN