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Marginalised in Sudan, Exiled from Sudan: Citizenship on the Margins

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This book chapter brings together many of the issues around local and national belonging through looking at the dynamics of citizenship and belonging for those within and from Sudan. It looks at the intersection between citizenship and displacement in the context of those living on the margins in Khartoum; and those who were displaced from…

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Risk, Resilience, and Pastoralist Mobility

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As livestock becomes increasingly recognized for its significant contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and exports, this report investigates the practice of pastoralism in Sudan. The authors delineate migration patterns, rationales, and market strategies, and offer recommendations for policymakers and service providers interacting with communities that practice pastoralism. This study finds: Herders do not follow individual…

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Teaching the Violent Past in Secondary Schools in Newly Independent South Sudan

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This article analyses the teaching and learning of South Sudan history from 1955–2005 in secondary schools in South Sudan with a specific focus on national unity. The article argues that the national narrative of South Sudan is still closely tied to enemy images of the former enemy of Sudan in the north, while internal ethnic…

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Binding pipelines? Oil, armed conflicts, and economic rationales for peace in the two Sudans

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This article points at the challenging political geography of oil in the two Sudans and the tensions undermining economic logics of ‘mutual interests’ and ‘peace dividends’ between, and within, these two countries. Link to publication

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Sudan and South Sudan: Accounting for Their Intractable Conflicts

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This paper examines the persistence of violent conflicts in the two Sudans. It examines standard macro-approaches to conflict resolution—democracy, inclusiveness, intervention, secession, as well as the more radical “let-them-fight” thesis—to demonstrate the limitations on the ability of outsiders to manage the conflicts. Link to publication

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The Real Politics of the Horn of Africa: Money, War and the Business of Power

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The Real Politics of the Horn of Africa delves into the business of politics in the turbulent, war-torn countries of north-east Africa. It is a contemporary history of how politicians, generals and insurgents bargain over money and power, and use of war to achieve their goals. Drawing on a thirty-year career in Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea…

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The regionalisation of the South Sudanese crisis

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The newest state in the Horn of Africa has become an arena where powerful neighbours manoeuvre for regional influence. The deteriorating security situation in oil-rich South Sudan took neighbouring states by surprise, but they have risen to the opportunities the situation offers. Uganda and South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea, Kenya and Egypt support different proxies…

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Sudan and South Sudan: Identity, Citizenship, and Democracy in Plural Societies

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The paper locates the crisis of the post-colonial Sudan in a historical context and discusses the institutional legacy of colonialism and how that has affected citizenship in Sudan and South Sudan. It argues that the colonial project made a legal distinction, especially in how citizenship was defined.

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The spillover effect of South Sudan in Gambella

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The article examines how the South Sudanese civil war has impacted the social and political landscape of Gambella, Ethiopia’s western region with strong social, economic and political ties with South Sudan. The simmering political tension in the newly independent South Sudan exploded in December 2013 when forces loyal to the government led by President Salva…

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The 14 Mile Area

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This article provides an account of developments evolving around the 14-Mile Area in 2014. Located between Northern Bahr el Ghazal and East Darfur, the area is an ongoing topic for dispute, primarily between the Malual Dinka and the Rizeigat from East Darfur. Link to publication

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Political violence and the emergence of the dispute over Abyei, Sudan, 1950–1983

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The question of the future status of Abyei remains a deeply contested issue between Sudan and the independent South Sudan. The connection between the political violence in Abyei and eruption of the two civil wars in Sudan is sparsely documented, but this history reveals the character of the Abyei problem. This article provides an analysis…

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Local Peace Processes in Sudan and South Sudan

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The re-eruption of political violence in South Sudan in late 2013 has not only inflamed long-standing and unresolved local grievances but also highlights the critical need to improve the impact and sustainability of local peace processes in any region. This report is informed by analysis from conflict resolution training workshops sponsored by the United States Institute of Peace (USI P) as well as consultations, dialogues, meetings, and interviews conducted across Sudan and South Sudan from 2005 through 2010.

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN