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South Sudan “arrivals” in the White Nile State (Sudan). Not citizens, not IDPs, not Refugees: What are they?

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This paper discusses the living conditions of the so called “arrivals,”{1} South Sudanese refugees in Sudan, most of whom now reside in the White Nile State (58 %) and in Khartoum (23 %), and the rest of which live in different parts of Sudan. The focus of this paper, however, is on those who live…

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Cross-border trade in the war areas of the Sudans: Smuggling or a form of cooperation?

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After the war broke out again in the border areas between the Sudans, a trading pattern known earlier as the “peace markets” reemerged. In contrast to previous attempts to use trade to reduce tensions, such markets are now banned by the government of Sudan with severe penalties for perpetrators. We studied this phenomenon using information…

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The citizenship dilemma of Southern Sudanese communities in the post-secession era in Khartoum

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The aim of this paper is to investigate the processes of citizenship changes for South Sudanese citizens who were previously formally considered to be Sudanese citizens and have remained residents of Khartoum’s shantytowns since South Sudan gained independence in 2011. The paper argues that there are currently two types of citizenship for the Southern Sudanese…

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Marginalised in Sudan, Exiled from Sudan: Citizenship on the Margins

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This book chapter brings together many of the issues around local and national belonging through looking at the dynamics of citizenship and belonging for those within and from Sudan. It looks at the intersection between citizenship and displacement in the context of those living on the margins in Khartoum; and those who were displaced from…

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Risk, Resilience, and Pastoralist Mobility

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As livestock becomes increasingly recognized for its significant contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and exports, this report investigates the practice of pastoralism in Sudan. The authors delineate migration patterns, rationales, and market strategies, and offer recommendations for policymakers and service providers interacting with communities that practice pastoralism. This study finds: Herders do not follow individual…

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Teaching the Violent Past in Secondary Schools in Newly Independent South Sudan

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This article analyses the teaching and learning of South Sudan history from 1955–2005 in secondary schools in South Sudan with a specific focus on national unity. The article argues that the national narrative of South Sudan is still closely tied to enemy images of the former enemy of Sudan in the north, while internal ethnic…

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Binding pipelines? Oil, armed conflicts, and economic rationales for peace in the two Sudans

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This article points at the challenging political geography of oil in the two Sudans and the tensions undermining economic logics of ‘mutual interests’ and ‘peace dividends’ between, and within, these two countries. Link to publication

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Sudan and South Sudan: Accounting for Their Intractable Conflicts

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This paper examines the persistence of violent conflicts in the two Sudans. It examines standard macro-approaches to conflict resolution—democracy, inclusiveness, intervention, secession, as well as the more radical “let-them-fight” thesis—to demonstrate the limitations on the ability of outsiders to manage the conflicts. Link to publication

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The Real Politics of the Horn of Africa: Money, War and the Business of Power

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The Real Politics of the Horn of Africa delves into the business of politics in the turbulent, war-torn countries of north-east Africa. It is a contemporary history of how politicians, generals and insurgents bargain over money and power, and use of war to achieve their goals. Drawing on a thirty-year career in Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea…

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The regionalisation of the South Sudanese crisis

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The newest state in the Horn of Africa has become an arena where powerful neighbours manoeuvre for regional influence. The deteriorating security situation in oil-rich South Sudan took neighbouring states by surprise, but they have risen to the opportunities the situation offers. Uganda and South Sudan, Ethiopia and Eritrea, Kenya and Egypt support different proxies…

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Sudan and South Sudan: Identity, Citizenship, and Democracy in Plural Societies

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The paper locates the crisis of the post-colonial Sudan in a historical context and discusses the institutional legacy of colonialism and how that has affected citizenship in Sudan and South Sudan. It argues that the colonial project made a legal distinction, especially in how citizenship was defined.

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN