This report critically evaluates the mediation model of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the 21 years of Sudan conflict, and offers some alternative approaches for future IGAD led peace processes. It concludes that lessons to be learned from the weaknesses of the Naivasha process include the need for a strong commitment to democratic change and a comprehensive conception of peace. It proposes an alternative approach which is longer, more complex, focuses on process over agreements, and offers no promises of success.
John Young has a Ph.D. in political science and has worked in the Horn of Africa since 1986 as a teacher, journalist, peace monitor, consultant, and academic. He has published two books, Peasant Revolution in Ethiopia: Tigray People’s Liberation Front 1975 to 1991 (Cambridge University Press, 1997) and The Fate of Sudan: Origins and Consequences of a Flawed Peace Process (Zed, 2012) as well as a considerable number of articles on regional conflicts, peace processes, and governance.