The occasion of the tenth anniversary of the founding of the Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) project, which coincides with the tenth anniversary of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), offers the Small Arms Survey an important moment to take stock of its work in Sudan and South Sudan. This Synthesis
Report is one of three complementary efforts to do just that—the others being the project’s Symposium on the Future of Human Security in Sudan and South Sudan:
Learning from a Decade of Empirical Research, held in Nairobi on 23–24 March 2016, and a retrospective project evaluation. Together, these efforts review what the HSBA has achieved, assess project impacts, identify knowledge gaps and new priorities, and lay down a path for future work to better understand and ultimately respond to small arms and light weapons proliferation and armed violence in the two countries.
The present report provides a general overview of the project’s research findings in four broad focus areas: arms proliferation (encompassing stockpiles and holdings as well as transfers); armed groups; armed violence; and security provision—in particular, disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR), civilian disarmament, and security sector reform (SSR).