In 2017 the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in South Sudan conducted a survey on fuelefficient stoves and methods of their use and production. The survey and testing was set against a backdrop of continued crisis in South Sudan which has caused over 270,000 internally displaced persons to seek protection in displacement sites in proximity to bases of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan.
As the crisis continues into its fifth year, PoC sites are continuously maintained and sustained through immense efforts of the humanitarian community. Particularly women and girls suffer in conditions of displacement that place them at heightened risk of becoming victims to gender- and sexually based violence in and outside the Protection of Civilians sites. In order to reduce the risk of exposure to gender-and sexually based violence as they search for firewood outside the Protection of Civilians sites, IOM investigated into possibilities of introducing fuel efficient stoves to address several aspects of internally displaced persons’ lives in the PoC sites such as protection issues, socio-economic aspects, health, and environmental sustainability.
The survey and testing found that internally displaced persons recognize the benefits of the FES particularly as regards to reduced risk-exposure for women and girls, reduced risk for children to burn while playing in the cooking area, reduced costs for firewood, and the overall improvement of the wellbeing of household members.
The survey and testing concludes that of the seven fuel-efficient stoves tested two are recommendable for introduction in the Protection of Civilians sites.