Failures and opportunities: Rethinking DDR in South Sudan

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With the Comprehensive Peace Agreement’s mandate for Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) set to expire in July 2011, discussions are now underway between the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA), the South Sudan DDR Commission, and international actors on how the programme can be extended and possibly retooled in the post-independence period.

This Issue Brief reviews the serious limitations, as well as some of the modest successes, of the current programme. Based on field research and interviews with ex-combatants and women associated with armed groups going through reintegration training, it examines the consequences of conflicting conceptions of DDR among key stakeholders.

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HSBA Small Arms Survey

The Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) for Sudan and South Sudan is a multi-year research project administered by the Small Arms Survey, a global centre of excellence located at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. It has been developed in cooperation with the Canadian government, UNMIS, UNDP, and NGO partners. Through the active generation and dissemination of timely empirical research, the project supports violence reduction initiatives, including disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes, incentive schemes for civilian arms collections and security sector reform and arms control interventions across Sudan.

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