Population growth and urbanization in the developing countries where efforts are concentrated in the urban and rural development through provision of facilities such as roads, houses, etc has resulted in high demand for cement. Considering the impact of the cement project on the environment, it is mandatory to conduct an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of the proposed cement project before commencements, which is the aimof this study. In South Sudan, EIAs are usually conducted to acquire certificate of no objection for a project in accordance with the Ministry of Environment and Forestry to predict the concentration of pollutants produce by a project/plant.
All the assessments carried out aimed at analyzing and determining the concentrations of pollutants in the proposed site. The data were collected through primary and secondary data collection, onsite air quality monitoring and laboratory examination for the purpose of reporting the environmental impacts and to enhance the understanding of the stakeholders in decision making. The study revealed that the proposed project will elevate the noises of the site, cause loss of soil resource due to site clearance, spillage of chemicals and seepage from wastes. It will also cause chemical contamination of surface and ground water due to accidental spills during transportation and handling and seepage from wastes. Fragmentation of habitats and ecological processes are likely to occur due to positioning of project infrastructure and increased risk of accidents and injuries to communities from improved roads and additional traffic. However, the project will not have significant negative impact on environment if all the environment management plan, disaster management plan are strictly followed. More over this project will have a positive impact on the socio economy of this region as source of employment and income generation.