This paper investigates the effect of the deployment of United Nations Blue Helmets on economic activity in South Sudan with a special focus on agricultural production. Since UN troops are predicted to improve security, in particular, we expect a positive relationship between deployment of UN blue Helmets and cereal production. We test our hypothesis using an original data-set including all the 78 South Sudanese counties over the period 2009–2011. We control for the non-random assignment of UN troops through an Instrumental Variables approach. Our empirical results show that a 10% increase in the size of the troop allows the production of additional 600 tonnes.
Professor of International Economics at Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Italy
Mr.Caruso is editor in chief of Peace Economics, Peace Science and Public Policy. He is also in the board of directors of World Research and Peace Science Center Inc. His research interests are: Economic theories of conflict and conflict resolution, Terrorism, international economic sanctions, International Political Economy and sport economics