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Making Order Out of Disorder: Customary authority in South Sudan

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South Sudan’s customary authorities play an important role in local government, justice, and as intermediaries or brokers between local communities and the government. While significant attention was paid to the role of customary authorities in South Sudan’s statebuilding project prior to the country’s secession in 2011, the start of South Sudan’s civil war in December…

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Return, Recovery and Resilience Strategy 2019-2022: South Sudan

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IOM has developed a strategy for Return, Recovery and Resilience to guide its programming beyond humanitarian assistance to support South Sudanese in facilitating transformative change that addresses the drivers of vulnerability and risk. The objective of IOM’s Return, Recovery and Resilience strategy is to support conducive environments for sustainable returns and recovery through building resilience,…

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Monetized Livelihoods and Militarized Labour in South Sudan’s Borderlands

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Northern Bahr el-Ghazal, like much of South Sudan, is in a protracted state of social and economic crisis, rooted in generations of armed conflict, forced resettlements, and a shift towards a cash and market economy. Since the 1980s, family units and livelihoods have been destroyed, displaced or reworked by conflict and most people have been…

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Moving Towards Markets: Cash, Commodification and Conflict in South Sudan

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Fifty years ago, most households in South Sudan produced the grain they ate, organizing agricultural labour and distributing small surpluses mostly through kinship and other social networks. Now, the majority of households buy most of their food. This transition from self-sufficiency to market dependence took place during long wars, which transformed or distorted almost every…

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The Religious Landscape in South Sudan: Challenges and Opportunities for Engagement

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Since the beginning of South Sudan’s civil war in 2013, the country’s religious actors have sought to play an active role in turning the tide from war and violence to peace and reconciliation. Drawing on interviews, focus groups, and consultations, this report maps the religious landscape of South Sudan and showcases the legitimate and influential…

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Uganda: a role model for refugee integration?

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Uganda hosts the largest refugee population in Africa and is, after Turkey and Pakistan, the third-largest refugee recipient country worldwide. Political and humanitarian actors have widely praised Ugandan refugee policies because of their progressive nature: In Uganda, in contrast to many other refugee-receiving countries, these are de jure allowed to work, to establish businesses, to…

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Economic and Social Costs of in South Sudan

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Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is widely recognised as a violation of human rights and a challenge to public health. Further, VAWG is an under-examined, but crucial component of the overall crisis in South Sudan. VAWG has economic and social costs that have not been adequately recognised either in South Sudan or internationally. These…

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South Sudan Peace Agreement and Peacemaking

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The Zambakari Advisory is pleased to publish its first Special Issue on the subject: “South Sudan Peace Agreement and Peacemaking.” The Zambakari Advisory asked scholars, activists, students, former government officials and leading intellectuals to think about the theme for this issue and offer insights into it. The Zambakari Advisory hopes these analyses will provide new…

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Assessing the effectiveness of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan / UNMISS

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This report assesses the extent to which the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) is achieving its current strategic objectives and what impact the Mission has had on the political and security situation in South Sudan. The report focuses on the most recent period of UNMISS’ mandate (2014-18), aiming to provide a “snapshot” of the…

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Advancing the localisation agenda in protection coordination groups

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Recognising the value of localisation and building on the World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) commitments, the Global Protection Cluster (GPC) and its four Areas of Responsibilities (AoRs) are seeking to meet the commitments made with regards to localisation and ensure that protection response strategies and coordination mechanisms are guided by the principle – “as local as…

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Education-focused Gender Analysis Case Studies: Pibor and Juba, South Sudan

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This study was conducted with funding from the Danish International Development Agency (Danida) provided specifically to prepare for the launch of Oxfam education projects in Pibor and Juba in South Sudan. However, its findings will also be useful to the wider NGO community working in the country, with recommendations provided for the Government of South…

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Report of the Peace Accords Matrix Project on the Implementation of the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS)

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The Peace Accords Matrix (PAM) is home to the largest existing collection of implementation data on intrastate peace agreements. Working at the nexus between research and practice, PAM is comprised of researchers and practitioners seeking to promote and facilitate a higher order of integration between these domains. PAM team members regularly provide research support to…

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Human Security Survey 2018: Annual Summary Report for Jonglei State, South Sudan

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• A gap exists between local community security needs and the capacities for protection that security actors – local or international, like UNMISS – provide. • PAX and SSANSA address this gap by surveying local security perceptions and feeding back this information into protection dialogues involving citizens as well as security actors. • This report…

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Uganda case study – 2018 : Are integrated services a step towards integration?

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ReDSS on behalf of the European Union Trust Fund (EUTF) consortium in Uganda comprising of DRC, CEFORD, Save the Children and ZOA implementing programmes under the support programme for refugees and host communities in Northern Uganda (SPRS-NU), is very pleased to share its study ‘Are integrated services a step towards integration?’ The study examines whether,…

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Housing, Land and Property Disputes in South Sudan: Findings from a survey Nimule, Torit, Wau and Yei

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Introduction This report presents findings from a survey of 677 households in four towns in South Sudan – Nimule, Torit, Wau and Yei. The survey gathered data on respondent perceptions of and experiences with HLP disputes. South Sudan is currently experiencing a crisis of displacement on a scale that not been seen since the height…

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Social Media and Conflict in South Sudan II: A Lexicon of Hate Speech Terms 2017 – 2018

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It’s been more than five years since conflict broke out in the world’s newest country, and South Sudan still remains fractured. Despite the signing of a new peace agreement in 2018, fighting continues. Estimates place the total conflict death toll at over 380,000 while the number of refugees currently stands at more than 2.5 million…

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Sudan and South Sudan: violence trajectories after peace agreements

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Peace agreements can be turning points in complex transitions from war to peace. But they don’t necessarily lead to greater stability, let alone peace. This report explores trajectories of violence in Sudan and South Sudan after the signature of peace agreements. It traces violence trajectories and explores whether these peace agreements resolved, reshaped or perpetuated…

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Bridging the Gap in the Nile Waters Dispute

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What’s new? Ethiopia is moving ahead with construction of Africa’s largest dam, despite Egypt’s worry that it will reduce the downstream flow of the Nile, the source of around 90 per cent of its freshwater supply. It is crucial that the parties resolve their dispute before the dam begins operating. Why does it matter? The…

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FAO/WFP Special Report – Crop and Food Security Assessment Mission to South Sudan

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The net cereal production in 2018 (after deduction of post-harvest losses and seed use) in the traditional sector is estimated at about 745 000 tonnes, 15.5 percent below the average of the previous five years and 2.5 percent less than 2017. It is the smallest recorded output since the start of the conflict. In January…

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Speaking Truth To Power in South Sudan: Oral histories of the Nuer prophets

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Prophets—those recognised as having been ‘seized’ by a divinity—have played an important role in the history of South Sudan, particularly that of the Nuer people. They were seen as being powerful political actors and, alongside chiefs, important intermediaries for the colonial authorities. However, the influence of the Nuer prophets goes much further than mobilizing or…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN