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South Sudan Peace Process The Challenge to the Implementation of the R-ARCSS

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The question of whether the Revitalized Transitional Government of National Unity (RTGoNU) would be formed on the 12th of November 2019, as the parties have agreed, is most desired and this Policy Brief attempts to answer it. The analysis is based on prior literature, key informant interviews, and a public discussion involving the parties to…

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Confronting a Life-threatening Pollution: A Guide for Credible Environmental and Social Audit of Petroleum Companies’ Operations in South Sudan

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This policy brief discusses how the recently proposed environmental and social audit of the petroleum companies’ operations by the Ministry of Petroleum can be conducted to generate scientific evidence that can assist in finding a permanent solution to pollution in South Sudan’s petroleum producing areas.

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National roundtable on peace and stability in South Sudan

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Conflict in South Sudan has continued to have a devastating impact on the population despite multiple efforts to stop the fighting. Between 2017 and 2019, Saferworld held eight state-level roundtable discussions with civil society platforms on issues of peace and security. Drawing on these discussions and our own analysis, we produced a national briefing paper…

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South Sudan and Technology in 2050

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When considering South Sudan’s prospects for 2050, perhaps the largest unknown is the potential impact of technology on the country’s economy, social relations and politics. Technology provides ever-evolving possibilities to transform the economy and the aid sector and to mitigate challenges related to climate change and demographic growth. There is little accurate data on use…

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War Crimes and Punishment: The Terrain Compound Attack and Military Accountability in South Sudan, 2016–18

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On 11 July 2016, at the end of four days of fighting between government and opposition forces in the South Sudanese capital, Juba, government soldiers stormed the Terrain ‘Hotel’, a residential compound that was home to South Sudanese and East African and Western expatriates. There they began a violent rampage of systematic looting, rape, gang…

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Compliance with Petroleum Industry Transparancy and Accountability Rules in South Sudan

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This paper reviews the existing transparency and accountability rules to understand the extent to which these have been implemented. Despite the existence of strong petroleum transparency and accountability legal rules, we find that compliance with them has worsened in the last three years. For example, only 26% of the information required by the petroleum laws…

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Sudan’s Popular Uprisings: Where South Sudan Stands

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In April 2019, Sudanese protestors in Khartoum, the capital and other major towns, managed to push their country’s longest reigning dictator, Omer Hassen al-Bashir, out of power after 30 years of a brutal dictatorship. The fall of al-Bashir was a cause for jubilation amongst crowds across the country, and true to the history of popular…

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Key considerations: bushmeat in the border areas of South Sudan and DRC

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In the context of the current Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), May 2019, this brief summarises key considerations about bushmeat (meat derived from wild animals for human consumption)in the context of preparedness activities in South Sudan. The brief detailsthe socio-cultural and socio-economic significance of bushmeat amongst at risk communities and perceived…

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The Status of South Sudan’s 2018 Peace Agreement

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South Sudan’s leaders signed a renewed peace agreement in September 2018. In this policy brief, the authors assess the implementation progress on the agreed reforms through the first six months. They find modest, but stalled, progress on some reforms. Critical provisions such as the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) program have not been initiated. Compared…

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Malakal Protection of Civilian Intention Perception Survey Report

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Malakal County’s population was estimated at 126,500 individuals during the 2008 census but was estimated to have grown in subsequent years before conflict erupted, with Malakal Town considered the second largest city in South Sudan prior to the 2013 conflict. According to a head-count conducted by IOM in February 2018, the population at the time…

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The Implications of Al Bashir’s Downfall on South Sudan

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One inescapable question in the minds of many South Sudanese is what the change of guard in the Sudan represents in terms of its relationship with South Sudan. Another question pertains to the impact Al Bashir’s departure has on the Peace Agreement he helped the South Sudanese belligerents signed in September last year. This paper…

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South Sudan: Perils of Payroll Peace

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The Conflict and Research Programme at the London School of Economics, of which WPF is a partner, has just published a new South Sudan Policy Memo, “The Perils of Payroll Peace.” South Sudan’s peace is structured to create material incentives for political elites and soldiers to stick to the agreement. But it also creates a…

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South Sudan and the Collective Pain of Watching a Peace Agreement Struggle for its Life

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For the past several weeks, there have been rising voices of both optimism and frustration, as reports of progress in the implementation of the so-called Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) continued to highlight violations, fresh military attacks, delays in executing ceasefire and security mechanisms and irregularities in the use…

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THE FUTURE OF PROTECTION OF CIVILIANS SITES: Protecting displaced people after South Sudan’s peace deal

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This memo addresses the future of the nearly 200,000 residents of the Protection of Civilians Sites (POCS) in South Sudan in the context of the implementation of the current peace agreement which envisages the closure of the POCS and the return of the residents to their former homes. The authors draw attention to the changing…

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Women’s informal peace efforts: Grassroots activism in South Sudan

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South Sudanese women have been grossly under-represented in formal peace negotiations. However, they have been active in informal peacebuilding at the local level where peace means rebuilding society. Such informal peacebuilding is radically different to formal peace negotiations where male warlords and political leaders in new positions of power divide the spoils of war. This…

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After the Khartoum Agreement: Boundary Making and the 32 States in South Sudan

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The Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) signed on 12 September 2018, not only allows for a new government and security arrangements, it also provides for two new commissions to decide the number of internal states and their boundaries. In the following Q and A, RVI fellows Douglas Johnson (DJ)…

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Women and the future of South Sudan: Local Insights on building Inclusive Constituencies for Peace

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This policy paper highlights opportunities to engage women at the local level to address community conflict issues, promote peace, and empower women as agents of change in South Sudan. It follows the analysis and findings of Search for Common Ground’s November 2017 Building a Constituency for Peace in South Sudan, which examined annual data on…

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Funding to local humanitarian actors: evidence from Somalia and South Sudan

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The localisation commitments within the Grand Bargain, signed in May 2016, are one of the major achievements of the World Humanitarian Summit, with the potential to drive truly transformative change across the humanitarian system. There are now 59 signatories to the Grand Bargain; of the ten workstreams, workstream two – commonly known as ‘localisation’ –…

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Housing, Land and Property, Aid and Conflict in South Sudan

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South Sudan is characterised by mass, continued and repeated displacement. Against this backdrop, the January 2017 announcement of 32 states demarcated partly along ethnic lines spelt immediate concerns for returns and relocations. Occupation of land following displacement of local populations has further complicated the picture, as have government decisions to demarcate empty or occupied land…

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Evaluation of the implementation of the Security Arrangements of the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS): Implications for the Security Sector Reforms (SSR) in South Sudan

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Publication Summary Based on interviews with various informants, this paper attempts to evaluate the implementation status of the security arrangement provisions of the Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS), as well as its future implications for the Security Sector Reforms (SSR) endeavor in South Sudan. Most of the respondents, who are…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN