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South Sudan Peace Agreement and Peacemaking

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The Zambakari Advisory is pleased to publish its first Special Issue on the subject: “South Sudan Peace Agreement and Peacemaking.” The Zambakari Advisory asked scholars, activists, students, former government officials and leading intellectuals to think about the theme for this issue and offer insights into it. The Zambakari Advisory hopes these analyses will provide new…

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South Sudan’s Civil War: Violence, Insurgency and Failed Peacemaking

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A mere two years after achieving independence, South Sudan in 2013 descended into violent civil war, refuting US government claims that the country’s succession was a major foreign policy success and would end endemic conflict. Worse was to follow when the international community declared famine in 2017. In the first book-length study of the South…

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The Challenge of Governance in South Sudan Corruption, Peacebuilding, and Foreign Intervention

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South Sudan is one of the world’s most divided and unstable countries. Since achieving statehood in 2011, the country has plunged into civil war (2013-15) and become the scene of some of the worst human rights abuses on the African continent. Despite ongoing political turmoil, states and international institutions have pledged enormous resources to stabilize…

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Religion, Governance, and the ‘Peace–Humanitarian–Development Nexus’ in South Sudan

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This chapter highlights practices in the wider peacebuilding field that seek similar outcomes as UN peace operations or otherwise affect the background conditions necessary for their success. It treats South Sudan as an illustrative case study that uniquely reflects processes that shape and regulate sites of conflict, chronic emergency, and limited statehood across postcolonial sub-Saharan…

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Protection of Civilians in the United Nations: A Peacekeeping Illusion?

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This chapter provides an overview of the implementation of POC mandates in UN peace operations, drawing on Hilde Johnson’s experience from the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) between 2011 and 2014 as Special Representative and Head of Mission. UNMISS had a broad POC-mandate, covering both military, police and civilian components. The author will start…

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A Rope from the Sky: The Making and Unmaking of the World’s Newest State

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The euphoric birth of South Sudan was celebrated around the world – a triumph for global justice and a sign that one of the world’s most devastating wars was finally over. But the party would not last; the Republic’s freedom-fighters soon plunged their new nation back into chaos, shattering the promise of liberation and exposing…

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Traditional Justice Methods and Their Possible Impact on Transitional Justice Models in South Sudan

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This paper discusses the legal framework of the traditional justice methods in several African countries, with a focus on South Sudan; the objective of customary law, the role of traditional courts or the forum of elders, and the methods of settlement of disputes. These methods of settlement of disputes are by-products of the practices, customs…

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First Raise a Flag: How South Sudan won the longest war but lost the peace

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When South Sudan’s war began, the Beatles were playing their first hits and reaching the moon was an astronaut’s dream. Half a century later, with millions massacred in Africa’s longest war, the continent’s biggest country split in two. It was an extraordinary, unprecedented experiment. Many have fought, but South Sudan did the impossible, and won.…

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A State of Contradiction: Sudan’s Unity Goes South

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South Sudan’s secession was either an unavoidable outcome of a post-colonial betrayal of political promises or a surprising result of muddled and contradictory developments during which, at crucial points, dynamics nonetheless aligned. It was, this chapter argues, because of these contradictions that South Sudan came into being: from its colonial past through a series of…

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The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SLPM/A): A Systematic Crisis for South Sudan 1983–2013

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The Republic of South Sudan, the world’s “youngest country,” gained independence from Sudan following decades of civil war in 2011, with fanfare, high hopes, and great expectations. The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), the primary military force that fought for independence, transformed into the political rulers of the new country and lost its vision of…

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South Sudan: The Untold Story from Independence to Civil War

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In July 2011, South Sudan was granted independence and became the world’s newest country. Yet just two-and-a-half years after this momentous decision, the country was in the grips of renewed civil war and political strife. Hilde F. Johnson served as Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Mission in the Republic…

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South Sudan Post-Independence Dilemmas

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South Sudan: Post-Independence Dilemmas is an interdisciplinary collection of essays which engages with the failure of the newest African State to transition itself successfully to a state and nation after its independence in July 2011. The contributors explore the prospects for new modes of politics capable of simultaneously healing and reconciling the divided communities while…

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Preventing Mass Atrocities in Africa: The Case of the Two Sudans

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This chapter argues that preventing mass atrocities in Africa requires addressing the root causes of conflicts. It focuses on the experience of Sudan–South Sudan, which is, in many ways, a microcosm of Africa. The chapter argues that a crisis of identity lies at the heart of conflicts in the two Sudans, reflecting their failure to…

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Jungle Chronicles and Other Writings: Recollections of a South Sudanese

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Sudan from which South Sudan split in 2011 has been known for its years of political and social upheaval since the end of the British colonial rule. The two countries are intimately linked to one another by their history that anyone writing about what has become known as the Sudans cannot hope to provide a…

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Sudan and South Sudan: A Testing Ground for Beijing’s Peace and Security Engagement

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This chapter takes the case studies of Sudan and South Sudan where China has played a significant if sometimes controversial role. Investigating the shifting policy positions and response to crisis engendered by Chinese multilateral engagement and its commercial interests in the region, the constraints and obstacles to constructive involvement are highlighted through this study. Link…

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South Sudan: A New History for a New Nation

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Africa’s newest nation has a long history. Often considered remote and isolated from the rest of Africa, and usually associated with the violence of slavery and civil war, South Sudan has been an arena for a complex mixing of peoples, languages, and beliefs. The nation’s diversity is both its strength and a challenge as its…

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The Root Causes of Sudan’s Civil Wars: Old Wars and New Wars (Expanded 3rd Edition)

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Expanded third edition of this key text on the complex underlying conditions of the civil war from the 1960s to the present day, including a new chapter on the current wars in Sudan’s new south and South Sudan. Sudan’s post-independence history has been dominated by political and civil strife. Most commentators have attributed the country’s…

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Marginalised in Sudan, Exiled from Sudan: Citizenship on the Margins

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This book chapter brings together many of the issues around local and national belonging through looking at the dynamics of citizenship and belonging for those within and from Sudan. It looks at the intersection between citizenship and displacement in the context of those living on the margins in Khartoum; and those who were displaced from…

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A History of South Sudan: From Slavery to Independence

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South Sudan is the world’s youngest independent country. Established in 2011 after two wars, South Sudan has since reverted to a state of devastating civil strife. This book provides a general history of the new country, from the arrival of Turco-Egyptian explorers in Upper Nile, the turbulence of the Mahdist revolutionary period, the chaos of…

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CSRF SOUTH SUDAN