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Caffeinated Solutions as Neoliberal Politics: How Celebrities Create and Promote Partnerships for Peace and Development

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How do celebrities exert power to influence elite and popular thinking and policy around peace and development? Drawing from research on neoliberalism, celebrities, and ethical consumption, the author builds an interpretive analysis of two case studies of Brand Aid initiatives to argue first, that celebrities mobilize financial and political capital to create partnerships across businesses,…

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Medical civil–military interactions on United Nations missions: lessons from South Sudan

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This paper outlines the United Nations’ integrated response to complex humanitarian emergencies and the different types of interactions that may occur between militaries and civilian organisations involved in them. It uses a recent UK deployment to South Sudan as an example, drawing on the experience to highlight areas of particular interest to healthcare workers. It…

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Significance of Societal Customs in the South Sudan Civil War Resolution

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The South Sudan intermittent conflicts and civil wars have attracted national, regional, and international interventions. Dominated by politically led conventional ideologies of peace approaches that revolve around suppression, negotiation, and mediation, such approaches have not achieved sustainable peace in the region. The case for societal customs presented here demonstrates a contrary view. Historically, the Nilotic…

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Stabilization and Local Conflicts: Communal and Civil War in South Sudan

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Scholars have long argued that local conflicts need to be integrated into the analysis of civil war and peacebuilding. Yet, systematic research of the linkages between communal violence and civil war is sparse. This contribution connects communal violence research to the stabilization and peacekeeping debate. To further a more systematic analysis of communal conflicts, the…

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The 2018 South Sudanese Peace Agreement: A Litmus Test of Coercive Mediation

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The signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (RARCSS) in September 2018 raised debate not only about its added value to the 2015 Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCSS) but also the effectiveness of style of mediation pursued by mediators. Although there are…

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Men’s perceptions of women’s reproductive health in South Sudan

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This paper draws on a qualitative study (n = 52) and applies a political ecology of health framework to examine men’s perceptions of women’s reproductive health in South Sudan. The findings suggest that political practices of place making configure men’s views of women’s reproductive roles in this new nation state. In particular, masculinity intertwines with fears of…

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South Sudan: The Elusive Quest for a Resilient Social Contract?

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After its hard-won independence in 2011, South Sudan slid quickly into violent conflict and became a theatre of enormous human suffering. This article attempts to answer the question of what went wrong, and what prospects exist for South Sudanese to forge a resilient social contract to build and sustain peace. It employs an analytical framework…

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South Sudanese primary school textbooks: Transforming and reinforcing conflict

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Primary school textbooks can provide space for learning about peace and inclusion but can also reinforce messages of inequality and division. This article describes a thematic analysis of South Sudan’s textbooks for pupils in Grade 4 Social Studies, English, and Christian Religious Education. The analysis uses a conceptual framework that positions education as having multiple…

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Adaptive Peacemaking in Protracted Conflicts: IGAD Mediation in the Second Sudanese Civil War

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The dynamic quality of protracted intra‐state conflicts is a factor that complicates and sometimes confounds the efforts of peacemakers. Building on this insight, and given the prevalence of conflicts of this type in the contemporary international system, this paper takes up a central question: how can peacemakers adapt to changing dynamics along the parameters of…

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South Sudan: BRICS Active Mediator or Bystander to Conflict?

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The conflict in South Sudan, unlike the other conflicts, does not touch upon issues of state sovereignty or regime change. It is predominately a civil war with a regional dimension. The BRICS response to this crisis is mostly cooperative and multilateral aiming to seek a negotiated peace agreement. Of the BRICS group China has been…

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Constructing a national narrative in civil war: history teaching and national unity in South Sudan

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This article analyses history teaching in South Sudanese secondary schools and focuses on the interplay of local context, curricular intentions, and teachers’ agency. Drawing on ethnographic data, the article focuses on how the main objectives of national unity and critical thinking are enacted by teachers in the classroom. Through theories of history teaching and learning…

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Mental health in South Sudan: a case for community‐based support

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This paper provides a snapshot of the mental health situation in South Sudan between 2013 and 2016, taking account of the personal reflections of both authors who were engaged in mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) programming in the country at this time. It begins by presenting an overview of MHPSS activities from this period,…

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Kakuma Refugee Camp: Humanitarian Urbanism in Kenya’s Accidental City

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World leaders adopted a new refugee response framework last year in a renewed global effort to tackle the refugee crisis. At the heart of it is a renewed shift towards supporting host countries to integrate refugees into their national development plans, moving away from the encampment-based model towards a policy entailing greater mobility and freedoms…

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War-Induced Displacement: Hard Choices in Land Governance

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Civil war and violence often force large numbers of people to leave their lands. Multiple waves of displacement and (partial) return generate complex overlapping claims that are not easily solved. As people return to their regions of origin—sometimes after decades—they tend to find their land occupied by other settlers, some of whom hold legal entitlements.…

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Social Capital Across Agro-Pastoral Assets in the Abyei Area With Reference to Amiet “Peace” Market

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The Abyei area, which straddles the border of the two Sudans, had been a theatre of war since 1965. In 2016, the Amiet market emerged from a remote forest grove to initiate a new kind of social contract making. It has quickly become a melting pot of various communities and created space for nurturing new…

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South Sudan’s Costly Conflict and the Urgent Role of Religious Leaders

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In 2013, two years after South Sudan’s formation as the world’s newest nation, a costly civil war erupted that has ensnared the South Sudanese people and the nation’s developmental and consolidation process for more than five years. The article explores the current conflict against its historical backdrop, proposing a greater role for religious leaders in…

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Inclusion of Religious Actors in Peace and National Dialogue Processes

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Conflict resolution scholars and practitioners are increasingly focused on possibilities for broader representation of unofficial stakeholders within peace and national dialogue processes, an idea referred to as “inclusion of civil society” actors. Religious actors are among those eligible to participate, according to those contributing to the discourse on inclusion of civil society. This article considers…

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The nasty war: organised violence during the Anya-Nya insurgency in South Sudan, 1963–72

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In 1963, unrest in Sudan’s three southern provinces (today’s South Sudan) escalated into a civil war between the government and the Anya-Nya rebellion. The subsequent eight years of violence has hitherto largely escaped scrutiny from academic researchers and has remained a subject of popular imagination and politicised narratives. This article demonstrates how this history can…

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The effects of conflict and displacement on violence against adolescent girls in South Sudan: the case of adolescent girls in the Protection of Civilian sites in Juba

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There is a paucity of data on violence against women and girls (VAWG) during times of conflict in general and even less information specifically on violence against adolescent girls. Based on secondary analysis of a larger study on VAWG in South Sudan, this article highlights the specific experience of conflict-affected adolescent girls resident in the…

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Using livelihoods to support primary health care for South Sudanese refugees in Kiryandongo, Uganda

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Renewed conflict in South Sudan has displaced 2.3 million people outside the country, of whom 789,098 (35%) have taken refuge in neighbouring Uganda. Eighty-two percent of South Sudanese refugees are women and children. With increasing barriers to operating within the country due to ongoing instability, some organisations supporting primary health care in South Sudan have…

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