Written by YoungJohn

South Sudan’s Civil War: Violence, Insurgency and Failed Peacemaking

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A mere two years after achieving independence, South Sudan in 2013 descended into violent civil war, refuting US government claims that the country’s succession was a major foreign policy success and would end endemic conflict. Worse was to follow when the international community declared famine in 2017. In the first book-length study of the South…

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Isolation and Endurance: Riek Machar and the SPLM-IO in 2016–17

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This study follows on from an earlier Small Arms Survey paper by the author (Young, 2015). It begins where the earlier paper left off with the signing of the ARCSS and ends with the first anniversary of the agreement’s collapse in July 2017. Like the earlier study, this research is based on many visits by…

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Popular Struggles and Elite Co-optation: The Nuer White Army in South Sudan’s Civil War

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This document reviews the literature on the history, organization, and operation of the white army in the context of the civil war that erupted in December 2013. Based on interviews with white army members, it seeks to understand their motivation, their understanding of the civil war and the peace agreement and what they want for…

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A Fractious Rebellion: Inside the SPLM-IO

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Against a background of continuing civil war and failed peace-making, this study attempts to get beyond the public face of the SPLM-IO as represented by those at the peace talks and provide analysis and background of the many dimensions of the SPLM-IO. Specifically, it considers the formation of the SPLM-IO, identifies the organization’s mode of…

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The Fate of Sudan: The Origins and Consequences of a Flawed Peace Process

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Argues forcefully that the birth of the independent state of Southern Sudan and the threat of further dismemberment of a rump northern Sudan are due to the failure of the approaches and ideologies of the main Sudanese parties, as well as a deeply flawed US-backed peace process that excludes civil society and other rebel groups.…

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Jonglei 2010: Another round of disarmament

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Although the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of January 2005 formally ended the war between the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), internal security has remained a major problem for the fledgling southern government. Indeed, internal conflict, rather than the prospect of a return to war between the north and south,…

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Emerging North–South Tensions and Prospects for a Return to War

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During celebrations commemorating the second anniversary of the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), Government of South Sudan (GoSS) President and Vice-President of the Republic Salva Kiir made clear that the agreement was facing a crisis and there was a growing risk of a return to war. In particular, he blamed Khartoum’s continuing support…

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SUDAN IGAD PEACE PROCESS: AN EVALUATION

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This report critically evaluates the mediation model of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that ended the 21 years of Sudan conflict, and offers some alternative approaches for future IGAD led peace processes. It concludes that lessons to be learned from the weaknesses of the Naivasha process include the need for a strong commitment to democratic…

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The South Sudan Defence Forces in the Wake of the Juba Declaration

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This paper examines the history and background of the South Sudan Defence Forces, including its numerous separate components and their respective leaderships. By drawing on existing research it explores the relationship of these various elements with both the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement. Download

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