Written by Nhial Tiitmamer

South Sudan’s devastating floods: why they happen and why they need a coherent national policy

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This year’s flood is one of the worst in South Sudan’s history. It has affected about one million people from 142,783 households in 8 of the former 10 states, compared to only 344,618 people in 2013. People lost homes, livelihoods, and shelter and got exposed to deadly diseases. Schools, roads, health centers and other useful…

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Confronting a Life-threatening Pollution: A Guide for Credible Environmental and Social Audit of Petroleum Companies’ Operations in South Sudan

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This policy brief discusses how the recently proposed environmental and social audit of the petroleum companies’ operations by the Ministry of Petroleum can be conducted to generate scientific evidence that can assist in finding a permanent solution to pollution in South Sudan’s petroleum producing areas.

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Compliance with Petroleum Industry Transparancy and Accountability Rules in South Sudan

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This paper reviews the existing transparency and accountability rules to understand the extent to which these have been implemented. Despite the existence of strong petroleum transparency and accountability legal rules, we find that compliance with them has worsened in the last three years. For example, only 26% of the information required by the petroleum laws…

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Climate Change and Conflicts in South Sudan

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South Sudan has experienced decades of protracted conflicts, some of which might have been caused in part or exacerbated by climate change and variability. Climate change causes scarcity of resources and forces communities to raid their neighbors or migrate to a new area to look for opportunities, which brings new arrivals into competition with the…

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Understanding the Cessation of Hostilities Agreements Violations in South Sudan

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December 15, 2017, marked 4 years of a political turmoil in an independent South Sudan. This has culminated in the country’s widespread insecurity, an unmatched humanitarian tragedy, and a heightening economic distress. This misery deepens as a host of efforts to stamp the instability continue to falter, one after another. Since 2014, several political settlements…

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Understanding the Enforcement of Environmental Provisions of Petroleum Act, 2012 and Why Environmental Ruin Continues

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This paper evaluates the extent to which the environmental provisions of the South Sudanese Petroleum Act (2012) have been enforced, and attempts to identify the gaps and challenges facing the implementation. To determine the level of enforcement, the Sudd Institute conducted structured interviews with key officials from the ministries of Environment and Petroleum and Mining…

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A Search for Lasting Peace: Ending South Sudan’s Devastating Conflict

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This article focusses on key aspects of the Addis Ababa peace process and includes a review and analysis of common conflict resolution tools for informed application in the peace process, as well as a summary of recommendations.

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