Written by Naomi Pendle

Localising humanitarian aid during armed conflict: Learning from the histories and creativity of South Sudanese NGOs

|
|
|
|
|

Bringing local perspectives to global debates on localisation, this report makes a rare contribution to knowledge on the everyday efforts and motivations of South Sudanese NGOs, and structural issues within the aid sector. The report makes the following key arguments: South Sudanese NGOs have expanded in waves during humanitarian crises. These waves of expansion have…

Read More

Localising humanitarian aid during armed conflict: Learning from the histories and creativity of South Sudanese NGOs (Policy Paper)

|
|
|
|
|

Along with a research report, the research project  “Historical and Political Dynamics of the NGO Sector in South Sudan” has published a short policy paper for humanitarian donors and funders seeking to provide a more enabling environment for South Sudanese NGOs. Exploring the reality of the struggles and strategies of local and national organisations during…

Read More

Politics, prophets and armed mobilizations: competition and continuity over registers of authority in South Sudan’s conflicts

|
|
|
|
|

Spiritual and divine authorities play a prominent role in mobilizing armed violence. This article provides a micro-history of a contemporary Nuer prophetess (guan kuoth) in South Sudan who mobilized hundreds of armed men including in support of current anti-government rebellions. The article grapples with apparent paradoxes in her approach to kume (a broadly defined notion…

Read More

Speaking Truth To Power in South Sudan: Oral histories of the Nuer prophets

|
|
|
|
|

Prophets—those recognised as having been ‘seized’ by a divinity—have played an important role in the history of South Sudan, particularly that of the Nuer people. They were seen as being powerful political actors and, alongside chiefs, important intermediaries for the colonial authorities. However, the influence of the Nuer prophets goes much further than mobilizing or…

Read More

Wartime Trade and the Reshaping of Power in South Sudan: Learning from the Market of Mayen Rual

|
|
|
|
|

During war, geographies of economic and political power are often recast by shifting patterns of trade and population movements. This can present an opportunity for local leaders to reshape legal and moral logics to attract trade and people to areas under their control. But these shifts can also create ambiguities and tensions that extend into…

Read More

The Roots of Restraint in War

|
|
|
|
|

The Roots of Restraint in War is an update of the 2004 Roots of Behaviour in War. Based on two years of research collaboration between the ICRC and six distinguished scholars, the report identifies sources of influence on various types of armed forces and armed groups, ranging from those with a highly decentralized structure to…

Read More

Famine, Access and Conflict Sensitivity: What opportunities do livestock offer in South Sudan?

|
|
|
|
|

This report that discusses opportunities provided by livestock in South Sudan referring to famine, access and conflict sensitivity is based on research conducted by Naomi Pendle and the Conflict Sensitivity Resource Facility (CSRF) in 2017. The research was funded by the UK, Swiss, and Canadian Donor Missions in South Sudan.

Read More

Community Security and Justice under United Nations Governance: Lessons from Chiefs’ Courts in South Sudan’s Protection of Civilians Sites

|
|
|
|
|

This article examines the public authority of chiefs’ courts within the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) Protection of Civilians Sites (PoCs). After December 2013, UNMISS peacekeepers opened the gates of their bases to around 200,000 civilians fleeing war. This unintentionally created a legal and political anomaly. Over time, conflicts and crimes rose within…

Read More

“The dead are just to drink from”: recycling ideas of revenge amongst the western Dinka, South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|

Governments in South Sudan have long built their authority on their ability to fashion changing regimes of revenge and compensation, war and peace. Governments’ capture of these regimes has resulted in the secularisation of compensation despite the ongoing spiritual consequences of lethal violence. This article explores these issues by focusing on the western Dinka of…

Read More