Written by International Crisis Group

Bridging the Gap in the Nile Waters Dispute

|
|
|
|
|

What’s new? Ethiopia is moving ahead with construction of Africa’s largest dam, despite Egypt’s worry that it will reduce the downstream flow of the Nile, the source of around 90 per cent of its freshwater supply. It is crucial that the parties resolve their dispute before the dam begins operating. Why does it matter? The…

Read More

Salvaging South Sudan’s Fragile Peace Deal

|
|
|
|
|

Five years into South Sudan’s civil war, the main belligerents have once again agreed to stop fighting and form a unity government. But the set of agreements, finalised on 12 September 2018, two years after the last accord collapsed, does not end the country’s deep crisis. It neither resolves the power struggle between President Salva…

Read More

Double-edged Sword: Vigilantes in African Counter-insurgencies

|
|
|
|
|

Vigilante groups have been successful in providing local security. But subcontracting security functions to vigilante groups for counter-insurgency purposes is a dangerous option for fragile African states. African leaders should set clear objectives and mandates when enlisting vigilantes and invest in disarmament, demobilisation and reintegration programs. Drawing on four illustrative cases – Sierra Leone, Uganda’s…

Read More

China’s Foreign Policy Experiment in South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|

China’s longstanding principle of non-interference in other states’ internal affairs is evolving with its growing global footprint. As Chinese overseas investment and business links grow in scope and depth, Beijing faces increasing threats to its citizens, economic interests and international reputation. That, in turn, has confronted China with the inherent limitations of its traditional hands-off…

Read More

Instruments of Pain (II): Conflict and Famine in South Sudan

|
|
|
|
|

War in South Sudan led the UN to declare 100,000 people are suffering famine, with a further 5.5 million at risk. This special briefing urges the country to work harder to establish parameters for a ceasefire. At the same time, humanitarian corridors from Sudan should be kept open and donors must fully fund the UN…

Read More

South Sudan’s South: Conflict in the Equatorias

|
|
|
|
|

This report provides a political and conflict history of the Equatorias. It identifies the stresses the recent civil war put on the region and the path from local insurrection into open rebellion in parts of Western Equatoria. It concludes with a discussion of the relationship between these conflicts and the ARCSS and peace prospects under…

Read More

Sudan and South Sudan’s Merging Conflicts

|
|
|
|
|

This report focuses on the widespread of armed violence in South Sudan, in particular the fighting season from December 2013 to mid-June 2014, during which the major cross-border alliances between Sudan and South Sudan were formed. Download

Read More