Written by Douglas Hamilton Johnson

After the Khartoum Agreement: Boundary Making and the 32 States in South Sudan

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The Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS) signed on 12 September 2018, not only allows for a new government and security arrangements, it also provides for two new commissions to decide the number of internal states and their boundaries. In the following Q and A, RVI fellows Douglas Johnson (DJ)…

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‘If You are Safe, I am Safe’: Conflict Analysis

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The ‘If You are Safe, I am Safe’ strategy for South Sudan proposes to turn the desire for safety from a competitive conflict-causing endeavour to a co-operative peace-building endeavour.  Aimed initially at promoting peace between communities, it envisages an active role for both local administration and central government.  To do so there must be an…

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South Sudan: A New History for a New Nation

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Africa’s newest nation has a long history. Often considered remote and isolated from the rest of Africa, and usually associated with the violence of slavery and civil war, South Sudan has been an arena for a complex mixing of peoples, languages, and beliefs. The nation’s diversity is both its strength and a challenge as its…

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The Root Causes of Sudan’s Civil Wars: Old Wars and New Wars (Expanded 3rd Edition)

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Expanded third edition of this key text on the complex underlying conditions of the civil war from the 1960s to the present day, including a new chapter on the current wars in Sudan’s new south and South Sudan. Sudan’s post-independence history has been dominated by political and civil strife. Most commentators have attributed the country’s…

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New Sudan or South Sudan? The Multiple Meanings of Self-Determination in Sudan’s Comprehensive Peace Agreement

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Examining the experiences of the South since Sudan’s independence, this article analyses why the choice of ‘unity’ became an unrealistic option for South Sudanese. Stressing that self-determination for the South was the only way to resolve Sudan’s long-standing national crisis, this article points out, at the same time, that it left unresolved the issue of…

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